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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Wepemnefret Wep (G 8882)
  • Excavator
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
  • Attested
    Ankhirptah(?) (in G 8882)
    Bak (in G 8882)
    Bauwer (in G 8882)
    Dedshepses(?) (in G 8882)
    Ibi (in G 8882)
    Inba (in G 8882)
    Inkaf (in G 8882)
    Kapa (in G 8882)
    Katjesu (in G 8882)
    Khenu (in G 8882)
    Ma (in G 8882)
    Meresankh (in G 8882)
    Nebuef (in G 8882)
    Neferefreankh (in G 8882)
    Neferherenptah (in G 8882)
    Nefersedjem (in G 8882)
    Nefertjes (in G 8882)
    Ptahhetep (in G 8882)
    Rahay (in G 8882)
    Redinu (in G 8882)
    Sekhentiu (in G 8882)
    Tjenti (in G 8882)
    Werta (in G 8882)
    [...]khi (in G 8882)
  • Hassan No.
    Wepemnefret Wep
    Wep-em-nefert Wep
  • Abou-Ghazi No (ASAE 58 [1964])
    20
  • PorterMoss Date
    Middle to late Dynasty 5
  • Site Type
    Rock-cut tomb w/ mud brick
  • Shafts
    S 374; S 375; serdab; chapel of Iby; chapel of Wepemnefret; fore-court; S 374 A; S 374 B; S 374 C; S 374 D
  • Remarks
    Mastaba built south of G 8884 (Rock Cut Tomb; Uninscribed Rock Cut Mastaba), east of G 8860 (Washptah (1)) and west of G 8900 (Nimaatre & Neferesris). Shafts 374 A-D in fore-court are parasite burials from later period. Excavated in 1930-1931 by Hassan.

Finds 7

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 9

Full Bibliography

  • Bolshakov, Andrey. "Osiris in the Fourth Dynasty Again? The False Door of Jntj, MFA 31.781." In Hedvig Györy, ed. Mélanges offerts à Edith Varga. Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts Supplément-2001, Budapest: Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts, 2001, p. 74.

    Gardiner, Alan H. "The Mansion of Life and the Master of the King's Largess." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 24 (1938), p. 84.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 2: 1930-1931. Cairo: Faculty of Arts of the Egyptian University & Government Press, 1936, pp. 179-201, figs. 211-222, pls. 64-76.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 9: 1936-37-38. The Mastabas of the Eighth Season and their Description. Cairo: General Organisation for Government Printing Offices, 1960, folded plan, U-13/14.

    Hassan, Chron. d'Eg. 7 (1932), pp. 74-75 [III].

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3. Die Mastabas der vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, p. 53.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G349.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Penmeru Revisited–Giza Mastaba G 2197 (Giza Archives Gleanings V)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 45 (2009), p. 32, note 42.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 281-282, plan 23, E-9, 34.

    Verner, Miroslav. "Contemporaneous Evidence for the Relative Chronology of Dyns. 4 and 5." In Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss & David A. Warburton, eds. Ancient Egyptian Chronology, Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2006, p. 140.

Photos 9

People 26

Ancient People

  • Ankhirptah(?) (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Probable owner of damaged false door, appears (name and figure only partially preserved) on false door tablet; found displaced in debris of shaft 374 in G 8882.
  • Bak (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (fourth register, first from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [Hmwtj] craftsman; in situ in G 8882.
  • Bauwer (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (seventh register, at left) sharpening adze on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identified as [fnx] carpenter; in situ in G 8882.
  • Dedshepses(?) (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (sixth register, at right) pouring beer on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882); in situ in G 8882.
  • Ibi (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Eldest son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882). Appears on chapel entrance jambs before his parents (called Khure on southern jamb and Ibi [name only partially preserved] on northern jamb), identified on both as [Xrj-Hb sS mDAt-nTr] lector-priest, scribe of the divine book; in situ in G 8882. Entrance architrave and drum inscribed for Ibi, identified as [Xrj-Hb sS mDAt-nTr Hrj-sStA] lector-priest, scribe of the divine book, secretary; architrave in situ, drum found fallen before entrance to chapel of Ibi in G 8882. Also appears in chapel relief on eastern wall before his father; in situ in chapel of Ibi in G 8882.
  • Inba (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (fourth register, fourth from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [xrp qdw] director of builders; in situ in G 8882.
  • Inkaf (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (sixth register, on right side) holding jar on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882); in situ in G 8882.
  • Kapa (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (fourth register, second from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [jmntj] westerner(?); in situ in G 8882.
  • Katjesu (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (second register, third from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [qdw] sculptor; in situ in G 8882.
  • Khenu (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (third register, second from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [qstj] sculptor; in situ in G 8882.
  • Ma (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (top register, third from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [jdw] youth; in situ in G 8882.
  • Meresankh (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882). Appears on lintel and jambs of chapel entrance, identified as [sAt nswt] king's daughter; in situ in G 8882. Five uninscribed statues (four limestone [JE 72214-72217], one broken red granite) probably depict Meresankh; all found in serdab of G 8882, except body of granite statue found in debris of vestibule.
  • Nebuef (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (seventh register, at left) holding oar on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identified as [fnx] carpenter; in situ in G 8882.
  • Neferefreankh (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (seventh register, center) polishing door on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identified as [mDH] carpenter; in situ in G 8882.
  • Neferherenptah (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (top register, first from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [swnw] physician; in situ in G 8882.
  • Nefersedjem (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (top register, second from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [jmj-r pr] steward; in situ in G 8882.
  • Nefertjes (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (second register, first from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [swnw jrtj] eye physician; in situ in G 8882.
  • Ptahhetep (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (fourth register, third from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 8882.
  • Rahay (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (third register, first from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [sS qdwt] draughtsman; in situ in G 8882.
  • Redinu (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (second register, second from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [sHD Hmw-kA] inspector of ka-priests; in situ in G 8882.
  • Sekhentiu (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (third register, fourth from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [wt jnpw] embalmer of Anubis; in situ in G 8882.
  • Tjenti (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (second register, fourth from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [xtmw] sealer; in situ in G 8882.
  • Wepemnefret Wep (G 8882)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 8882. Entrance lintel inscribed for Wepemnefret, identified as [smr watj Hrj-tp nxb Hrj-sStA n pr-dwAt jmj-jb n nb=f n(j) mrwt] sole companion, chief of Nekheb, secretary of the House of Morning, he who is in the heart of his lord, possessor of love; in situ in G 8882. Chapel entrance lintel and jambs inscribed for Wepemnefret, identified as [xrp aH Hm-nTr Hr-jnpw xntj pr Smswt Hrj-sStA] director of the palace, priest of Horus-Anubis who presides over the suite, secretary; in situ in G 8882. Two eroded false doors and lintels inscribed for Wepemnefret; in situ in chapel of Wepemnefret in G 8882. Also appears in chapel relief (eastern wall), identified as [aD-mr dp aD-mr Hr sbA xntj pt Hrj-wDbw m Hwt-anx] administrator of Dep, administrator of the district 'Star-of-Horus-Foremost-of-Heaven', master of reversion-offerings in the Mansion of Life; in situ in chapel of Ibi in G 8882.
  • Werta (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (third register, third from left) on eastern wall of chapel of Ibi, son of Wepemnefret Wep (owner of G 8882), identifed as [jr js] tomb-maker; in situ in G 8882.
  • [...]khi (in G 8882)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (name only partially preserved) on damaged false door of Ankhirptah(?) (northern outer jamb); found displaced in debris of shaft 374 in G 8882.

Modern People

  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.