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Details

  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
  • Remarks
    Cemetery en Echelon is in Northeast sector of the Western Cemetery, off the north west corner of Khufu's pyramid and bounded on west by G 2160 and G 2170.

Excavation Diary Pages 1

Maps & Plans 9

Published Documents 4

Unpublished Documents 12

Full Bibliography

  • Haase, Michael. "Das 'Giza Archiv-Projekt.' Interview mit Peter Der Manuelian." Sokar 10 (2005), p. 11.

    Jánosi, Peter. "Old Kingdom Tombs and Dating - Problems and Priorities. The Cemetery en Échelon at Giza." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 175-183, figs. 1-2.

    Lehner, Mark. "Giza. A Contextual Approach to the Pyramids." Archiv für Orientforschung 32 (1985), pp. 153, 158, note 60.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "A Dig Divided: The Giza Mastaba of Heti, G 5480 (Giza Archives Gleaning IV)." In Zahi Hawass, Peter Der Manuelian and Ramadan Hussein, eds. Perspectives on Ancient Egypt. Studies in Honor of Edward Brovarski. CASAE 40. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2010, pp. 235, 236, 248, figs. 1, 2, 3.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Penmeru Revisited–Giza Mastaba G 2197 (Giza Archives Gleanings V)." Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 45 (2009), p. 3, figs. 1-3.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 83-95, 141-168 (Cemetery en Echelon, south part).

    Reisner, George A., and Clarence S. Fisher. "Preliminary Report on the Work of the Harvard-Boston Expedition in 1911-13." Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte 13 (1914), pp. 227-251, pls. 1-3.

Photos 22

People 2

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.