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  • Tomb Owner
    Neferesris (G 8900)
    Nimaatre (G 8900)
  • Attested
    Hetepheres Khenut (in G 8900)
    Nimaatre (in G 8900)
    Ptahaperef (in G 8900)
  • Excavator
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
  • Hassan No.
    Nimaatre & Neferesris
  • Abou-Ghazi No (ASAE 58 [1964])
  • PorterMoss Date
    Late Dynasty 5
  • Site Type
    Half-mastaba/half rock-cut
  • Shafts
    S 376; S 377; S 378; serdab; 2 chapels
  • Remarks
    Mastaba built east of G 8882 (Wepemnefret Wep) and west of G 8920 (Washduau). Excavated in 1930-1931 by Hassan.

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 9

Full Bibliography

  • Allen, James P. "Some Aspects of the Non-royal Afterlife in the Old Kingdom." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, p. 16 [n. 59].

    Baud, Michel. "The Tombs of Khamerernebty I and II at Giza." Göttinger Miszellen 164 (1998), pp. 7-8.

    Baud, Michel. "La tombe de la reine-mère xa-mrr-Nbtj Ire." Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 95 (1995), pp. 12, 14.

    Chauvet, Violaine. “Decoration and Architecture: The Definition of Private Tomb Environment.” Servant of Mut. Studies on Ancient Egypt in Honor of Edward F. Wente. Leiden: Brill, 2008, p. 49 note 54.

    Delvaux, Luc and Eugène Warmenbol. "Trois Seshemnefer et Trente-Six Domaines." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 84 (1998), p. 63.

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "The Menkaure Dyad(s)." In Stephen E. Thompson and Peter Der Manuelian, eds. Egypt and Beyond: Essays Presented to Leonard H. Lesko upon his Retirement from the Wilbour Chair of Egyptology at Brown University June 2005. Providence: Department of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies, 2008, p. 141, note 121.

    García, Juan Carlos Moreno. "A New Old Kingdom Inscription from Giza (CGC 57163), and the Problem of sn-Dt in Pharaonic Third Millennium Society." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 93 (2007), pp. 123, 129, 130.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 2: 1930-1931. Cairo: Faculty of Arts of the Egyptian University & Government Press, 1936, pp. 202-225, figs. 223-251, pls. 77-83.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 6: 1934-1935. Part 2: The Offering List in the Old Kingdom. Cairo: Government Press, 1948, p. 133, pls. 57-64.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavtions at Gîza 9: 1936-37-38. The Mastabas of the Eighth Season and their Description. Cairo: General Organisation for Government Printing Offices, 1960, folded plan, V-14.

    Jacquet-Gordon, Domaines, pp. 279-280.

    Kamal, Ann. Serv. 10 (1910), pp. 119-121.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G361.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 282-284, plan 23, E-9, 33.

    Simpson, William Kelly. "Topographical Notes on Giza Mastabas." In Manfred Görg and Edgar Pusch, eds. Festschrift Elmar Edel 12. März 1979. Ägypten und Altes Testament 1. Bamberg, 1979, p. 495.

People 6

Ancient People

  • Hetepheres Khenut (in G 8900)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Nimaatre (co-owner of G 8900). False door and lintel inscribed for Hetepheres Khenut, identified as [Hm-nTr HwtHr Hm-nTr Nt nbt mrwt rxt nswt] priestess of Hathor, priestess of Neith, possessor of love, royal acquaintance; in situ in facade in G 8900. Also appears standing with her husband in chapel reliefs (entrance reveals); in situ in south chapel of G 8900.
  • Neferesris (G 8900)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Female of unknown relationship (mother?) to Nimaatre and co-owner of G 8900. Chapel entrance architrave and door jamb reveals inscribed for Neferesris, identified as [Xkrt nswt watt jmjt-r xnr n nswt jmjt-r sxmx-jb] sole royal ornament, overseer of the king's harem, overseer of entertainment; in situ in north chapel of G 8900. False door inscribed for Neferesris, identified as [mAAt nfrw n nb=s ra nb Xkrt nswt jmj-r sxmx-jb nb nfr n nswt jmj-r jbAw n nswt sxmx-jb n bjtj m swt=f nb] beholder of her lord's perfection daily, royal ornament, overseer of every good entertainment for the king, overseer of dancers of the king, she who gladdens the heart of the king of Lower Egypt in all his places; in situ in north chapel of G 8900.
  • Nimaatre (G 8900)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Co-owner (with Neferesris) of G 8900. Chapel entrance architrave, door jambs and reveals inscribed for Nimaatre, identified as [jmj-r Hst pr-aA xrp tjs bjtj jmj-r sxmx-jb nb nfr m Xnw StAw pr-aA] overseer of singing in the Great House, director of companions(?) of the king of Lower Egypt, overseer of every good entertainment in the secret interior of the Great House; in situ in south chapel of G 8900. Interior chapel architrave and pillars inscribed for Nimaatre, identified as [jmj-r sxmx-jb nb nfr stp-sA Xr(-tp) st nswt smr-pr Hrj-sStA jmj-jb n nb=f ra nb] overseer of every good entertainment, bodyguard of the throne of the king, companion of the house, secretary, he who is in the heart of his lord every day; in situ in south chapel of G 8900. False door and lintel inscribed for Nimaatre, identified as [wab nswt Hm-nTr ra m Sspjbra wab mnswt-njwsrra] royal wab-priest, pnest of Re in the sun-temple of Niuserre, wab-priest of the pyramid of Niuserre; also appears in damaged chapel relief (southern, eastern and western walls); in situ in south chapel of G 8900.
  • Nimaatre (in G 8900)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA] son) of Nimaatre (co-owner of G 8900). Appears standing before his parents in chapel relief (northern entrance reveal), identified as [xntj-S] palace attendant; in situ in south chapel of G 8900.
  • Ptahaperef (in G 8900)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Eldest son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Nimaatre (co-owner of G 8900). Appears standing before his parents in chapel relief (southern entrance reveal), identified as [Hs pr-aA] singer of the Great House, and on southern pillar (east face), identified as [sHD n Hmwtjw pr-aA] inspector of craftsmen of the Great House; in situ in south chapel of G 8900.

Modern People

  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.