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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Kapunisut Kai (G 4651 and G 1741)
  • Excavator
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
  • Attested
    Ankhmahor Inkhi (near G 4651)
    Hepmaat (in G 4651)
    Hesyre (in G 4651)
    Neferi (in G 4651)
    Nefershemem (in G 4651)
    Nefretankh (in G 4651 and G 1741)
    Nimaatnetjer (in G 4651)
    Nisukhu (in G 4651)
    Tjenti (in G 4651)
    Wekhetka (in G 4651 and G 1741)
  • Junker No
    Kai
  • PorterMoss Date
    Early to middle Dynasty 5
  • Baer Date
    Early to middle Dynasty 5
  • Baud Date
    Khafre
  • Harpur Date
    Userkaf - Neferefre
  • Junker Date
    mid Dynasty 5
  • Kanawati Date
    Late Djedkare
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    3 unnamed shafts; chapel
  • Remarks
    Mastaba in Junker's Giza 6 plan is labeled Kai. This plan draws but does not label three shafts and a chapel. The tomb owner, Kapunisut Kai, also owns chapel G 1741 in the Western Cemetery which was excavated by Z. Hawass.

Finds 1

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 7

Unpublished Documents 13

Full Bibliography

  • Altenmüller, Hartwig. "Funerary Boats and Boat Pits of the Old Kingdom." In Filip Coppens, ed. Abusir and Saqqara in the year 2001. Proceedings of the Symposium (Prague, September 25th-27th, 2001). Archiv Orientální 70, No. 3 (August 2002). Prague:Oriental Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 2002, pp. 277-278.

    Baud, Michel. "La tombe de la reine-mère xa-mrr-Nbtj Ire." Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 95 (1995), p. 13.

    Brovarski, Edward. "An Inventory List from 'Covington's Tomb' and Nomenclature for Furniture in the Old Kingdom." In Peter Der Manuelian, ed. Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson 1. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1996, pp. 124, 129 [22], 148, 155.

    Hawass, Zahi. "Unique Statues at Giza V: The Exceptional Statue of the Priest Kai and His Family." In Khaled Daoud, Shafia Bedier & Sawsan Abd el-Fatah, eds. Studies in Honor of Ali Radwan. Supplément aux Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, no. 34. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2005, pp. 25, 29.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 1: Die Mastabas der IV. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 69. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1929, p. 223, fig. 51, pls. 25-6.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3: Die Mastabas der Vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, pp. 123-145, figs. 1, 12-18, pls. 7-8.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 6. Die Mastabas des Nfr (Nefer), Kdfjj (Kedfi), Kahjf (Kahjef) und die westlich anschließenden Grabanlagen. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 72, Abhandlung 1. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1943. p. 273.

    Kanawati, Naguib. Tombs at Giza. Kaiemankh (G 4561) and Seshemnefer I (G 4940), Volume I. Australian Centre for Egyptology Report 16. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 2001, p. 15.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Unfinished Business: The Giza Tablet of Tjenti (JE 72135)." In Mamdouh Eldmaty and Mai Trad, eds. Egyptian Museum Collections Around the World: Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2002, p. 784, note 21.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 135, plan 15.

Photos 43

People 12

Ancient People

  • Ankhmahor Inkhi (near G 4651)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Drum lintel inscribed for Ankhmahor Inkhi, identified as [sAb smsw hAjt] judge and elder of the hall; found reused as roofing, along with broken chapel entrance lintel inscribed for Khufuseneb [II] (KHM Vienna ÄS 8521), over unidentified shaft (Porter-Moss. pp. 133, 153, attribute these lintels to shaft east of G 4651).
  • Hepmaat (in G 4651)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Kapunisut Kai (owner of G 4651 and G 1741). Appears (in G 4651) on north false door inscribed for Kai, north jamb; in situ in G 4651. Also appears (in G 4650) on false door inscribed for Iabtet (owner of G 4650), lower north inner jamb (first figure behind Kai), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest (name spelled Hepenmaat); in situ in G 4650.
  • Hesyre (in G 4651)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f n Xt=f] his son of his body) of Kapunisut Kai (owner of G 4651 and G 1741). Appears (in G 4651) on north false door inscribed for Kai, south jamb, chapel entrance north door jamb (in front of seated figure of his father Kai), and chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, with his father and his mother Wekhetka, and panel of relief north of north false door); in situ in G 4651. Also appears (in G 4650) on false door inscribed for Iabtet (owner of G 4650), lower north inner jamb (standing in front of Kai); in situ in G 4650.
  • Kapunisut Kai (G 4651 and G 1741)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 4651 and G 1741. Architectural elements (in G 4651), including chapel entrance lintel and drum lintel, and north and south false doors inscribed for Kai; also appears (in G 4651) in chapel relief, west and south walls, and chapel entrance north and south door jambs, and chapel facade (panels of relief on either side of chapel entrance), identified as [rx nswt sS a nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA jmj-r prw mswt nswt wab nswt sAb sS aprw] royal acquaintance, royal document scribe, overseer of ka-priests, overseer of the houses of the king's children, royal wab-priest, juridicial scribe of the crews; in situ in G 4651. Also appears (in G 4650) on false door inscribed for Iabtet (owner of G 4650), lower north and south inner jambs, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA nb jmAx kAj] royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests, possessor of reverence, Kai; in situ in G 4650. Architectural elements (in G 1741) inscribed for Kai; also seated group statue (Cairo JE 99128) inscribed for Kai and two of his children, Nefretankh and Shepseska; Kai identified as [sAb sS sqd n wjA] juridicial scribe, rower of a boat); found in situ in G 1741 serdab.
  • Neferi (in G 4651)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sA(t)=f] his daughter) of Kapuniust Kai (owner of G 4651 and G 1741). Appears (in G 4651) on chapel entrance north door jamb (behind seated figure of her father Kai); in situ in G 4651. Figure appears to be female, but inscription reads [sA=f].
  • Nefershemem (in G 4651)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (in G 4651) in chapel relief in tomb of Kapunisut Kai (owner of G 4651 and G 1741), west wall (panel of relief south of south false door, lower register), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4651.
  • Nefretankh (in G 4651 and G 1741)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Kapunisut Kai (owner of G 4651 and G 1741). Appears (in G 4651) on south false door inscribed for Kai, north jamb; in situ in G 4651. Depicted (in G 1741) on seated group statue (Cairo JE 99128) inscribed for Kai and two of his children, Nefretankh and Shepseska; found in situ in G 1741 serdab.
  • Nimaatnetjer (in G 4651)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (in G 4651) in chapel relief in tomb of Kapunisut Kai (owner of G 4651 and G 1741), west wall (panel of relief above south false door, standing behind Kai's son Tjenti), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 4651.
  • Nisukhu (in G 4651)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Kapunisut Kai (owner of G 4651 and G 1741). Appears (in G 4651) in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief south of south false door, upper register); in situ in G 4651.
  • Tjenti (in G 4651)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Kapunisut Kai (owner of G 4651 and G 1741). Appears (in G 4651) on south false door inscribed for Kai, south jamb, and chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief above south false door); in situ in G 4651. Also appears (in G 4650) on false door inscribed for Iabtet (owner of G 4650), north inner jamb (bottom register, fourth figure from left); in situ in G 4650.
  • Wekhetka (in G 4651 and G 1741)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Kapunisut Kai (owner of G 4651 and G 1741). Appears (in G 4651) on architectural elements, including chapel entrance lintel and south door jamb, chapel facade (panels of relief on either side of chapel entrance), and chapel relief, west wall, identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 4651. Appears (in G 1741) on north false door; in situ in G 1741.

Modern People

  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.