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Diary Transcription:

microfilm: begin page 236

Thursday, February 12, 1925 (continued)

(1) Street G 7500 (continued)
The work done today in this street may be summed up as follows.
On surface: Men are clearing away the Ptolemaic-Roman debris northeast of G 7630 A, north of G 7638 A, and north of G 7637 X in what may be the mouth of a new pit.
In pits:
G 7510 Q: Clearing pit. Chamber at west. Clean sand is still coming up from 13.25 meters and pit still descends.
G 7511 A: Clearing pit. Chambers north, east, and west, and one on a higher level to south.
G 7512 D: Clearing pit. Down 6 meters.
G 7635: Clearing pit. Down 360 meters. Disturbed debris. Dirty sand came until about 3 meters then a layer of sand a good deal cleaner and after that the dirtiest of Ptolemaic-Roman robbers' debris.
G 7637 A: Clearing pit. Down 165 cm. Robbers' debris (late).
G 7637 B: Clearing pit. Down 530 cm. So far only the clean original filling has come from this pit, white chips of limestone from the first workings. So there is some hope of this tomb being undisturbed unless it was broken open from the east at the bottom.
G 7367 X: Pit clear. 340 cm deep. Chamber open on east.
G 7638 A: Pit cleared. 125 cm deep. Chamber on north roofed over with slabs still in position.
G 7639 A: Clearing pit. 670 cm deep. Blocked chambers on east and west which have been forced through a narrow hole.
G 7639 B: Clearing pit. 600 cm down. Robbers' debris.
Pit west of G 7637 [= G 7640 A]: Pit cleared. 420 cm deep. Chamber opened anciently on north. From this came a pot filled with bones.
Pit G 7633 A is an ancient pit which has been reused at a time approximately contemporary with the crude brick walls of G 7633 for the mouth has been raised to a height far above the ground level in Old Kingdom times and comparable with that in Ptolemaic-Roman times.

(2) G 7430
Still clearing the late debris from G 7430 C and the rooms and pits associated therewith.

The work on the Great Pyramid for Dr. Borchardt continues as fast as possible with the few men [about 30] employed. The casing blocks have been found on the south and east and traces of them also on the west. On the south face there are ancient Greek inscriptions left by visitors, also graffiti in early Arabic and one in an, as yet, unidentified Anatolian script together with several Latin. These have been "squeezed" by Dr. Borchardt.

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  • Classification
    Documentation-Expedition diary pages
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Display Page Dates
  • Mentioned on page
    Ludwig Borchardt, German, 1863–1938
  • Author
    Thomas Richard Duncan Greenlees, British, 1899–

Tombs and Monuments 12

People 2

Modern People

  • Ludwig Borchardt

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1863–1938
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1863-1938) German Egyptologist; he was bom in Berlin, 5 Oct. 1863, son of Herman B. and Bertha Levin; he trained as an architect at the Technische Hochschule, 1883-7; he assisted in the Egyptian section of Berlin Museum 1887-8; between 1890 and 1897 he was in charge of building works at Konigsberg; Doctor hon. c. 1897; he studied Egyptology under Erman (q.v.) and first visited Egypt in 1895, working at Philae under Capt. Lyons(q.v.); following de Morgan's great project to catalogue the standing monuments of Egypt ,he inaugurated a less grandiose scheme in conjunction with Maspero (q.v.) for the great (Catalogue Général of Cairo Museum; he became attaché to the German Consulate in Cairo; Borchardt founded and directed the German Institute of Archaeology, 1907-28, on his retirement, he founded his own institute which later became the Swiss Institute; he also contributed a great many texts and much useful information to the Berlin Dictionary; using methods partly derived from Dorpfeld he excavated the sun temple of King Nyuserre at Abu Gurab, 1898-1901, and the pyramids of Abusir; he also excavated and established reconstructions of Amarna houses, 1913-14; Borchardt was the first person to make an intensive study of Egyptian architecture as a subject on its own; he also discovered the workshop of the sculptor Thutmose at Amarna and enriched Berlin Museum with many fine objects from this excavation; another interest of his was chronology; he was a member of the German Arch. Institute, 1898, and a bibliography of his writings, 214 nos., was issued in 1933 to celebrate his 70th birthday; he published, Die aegyptischen,.-, Pflanzensaule1897; Denkmaeler des Alten Reiches (ausser den Statuen) im Museum von Kairo, pt. 1, Cat. Gén., 1901; Das Re- Heiligtum des Konigs Ne-woser-re (Rathures), pt. 1, Der Bau, 1905; Zur Baugeschichte des Amonstempels von Karnak, 1905; Nilmesser und Nilstandsmarken, 1906; Das Grabenkmal des Konigs Ne-user-rec , 1907; Works of Art from the Egyptian Museum at Cairo. With explanations by L. Borchardt, 1908; Das Grabenkmal des Koenig Nefer-ir-ke3-rec, 1909; Das Grabdenkmal des Konigs S'a3hu-rec, 3pts, 1910, 1913; Statuen und Statuetten von Koenigen und Privatleuten im Museum von Kairo, Cat. Gén., 1911-36; Die Annalen und die zeitliche Festlegung des Alten Reiches der Aegyptischen Geschichte, 1917; Quellen und Forschungen zur Zeitbestimmung der Aegyptischen Geschichte, 3pts. 1917, 1935, 1938; Die Altaegyptische Zeitmessung 1920; altaegyptische Festungen an der zweiten Nilschnelle, 1923; Portraets der Koenigin Nofret-ete aus den Grabungen 1912/13 in Tell el-Amarna, 1923; Agypten. Landschaft, Volksleben, Baukunst, with H Ricke, 1930; Allerhand Kleinigkeiten ... zu seinem 70. Geburtstage am 3. Oktober 1933, 1933 Beitraege zur Aegyptischen Bauforschung und Altertumskunde, with Ricke, 1937; Die Entstehung des Generalkatalogs und seine Entwicklung in den Jahren 1897-1899, 1937; Aegyptische Tempel mit Umgang, 1938; he died in Paris, 12 Aug. 1938, and was buried in Cairo. ASAE 39 (1939), 43-7 (portr.) U. Leibovitch); Chron. d .Eg. 14 (1939), 141-3 U. Capart) JEA 24 (1938), 248 (G. Steindorff); NDB 2, 455 (H. Ricke).
  • Thomas Richard Duncan Greenlees

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates British, 1899–
    • Remarks Thomas Richard Duncan Greenlees, born South Africa, Sivaratri, March 10, 1899. British subject with a Scottish father and an English mother. For a brief period during 1925 he was a staff member of Harvard University--Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition, who later joined the Theosophist movement in India. Greenlees received his MA degree in 1922 from Oxford, where he studied Egyptian, Coptic and Arabic. April 2,1925, Greenlees appointed Assistant Curator of Egyptian Art at MFA.