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*Original paper documents for Chapter 10 are in archival box K03 in the Egyptian Section archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Unpublished manuscripts
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Date
    about 1934–1942
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Mentioned on page
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
    Jean Capart, Belgian, 1877–1947
    Ludwig Borchardt, German, 1863–1938
    Khufu
    Nensedjerkai [I] (G 2100-II)
    Niuserre
    Snefru
    Tepemankh (D 20)
    Userkafankh (in G 8664)

Tombs and Monuments 3

  • G 2100-II

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 5230

    • Site Name Western Cemetery
  • G 7710

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery

Photos 1

People 10

Ancient People

  • Khufu

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Second king of Dynasty 4, son of Snefru. Builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Cheops. Horus name: [mDdw] Medjedu. Full birth-name: Khnum-Khufu.
  • Nensedjerkai [I] (G 2100-II)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of G 2100-II. Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Merib (owner of G 2100-I). Architectural elements, including archtrave over pillared portico, chapel entrance lintel and drum lintel, and north and south false doors inscribed for Nensedjerkai; also appears on east and west faces of pillars of pillared portico; identified as [sAt nswt Xkrt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr Hm-nTr xwfw] king's daughter, royal ornament, priestess of Hathor, priestess of Khufu; in situ in G 2100-II. Also appears in chapel relief in tomb of her father Merib, chapel entrance south door jamb (reveal); chapel (ÄMP Berlin 1107) found in situ in G 2100-I.
  • Niuserre

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks King of Dynasty 5.
  • Snefru

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks First king of Dynasty 4. Father of Khufu.
  • Tepemankh (D 20)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Owner of D 20. Drum lintel (Berlin 1138) inscribed for Tepemankh, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r st n xntj-S pr-aA] royal acquaintance, overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House; found in D 20 (removed by Lepsius). False door (Theodore Pitcairn Collection, Bryn Athyn, Pennsylvania) inscribed for Tepemankh, identified as [Hm-nTr xwfw] priest of Khufu; found in D 20. Relief fragment of south wall (Paris, Louvre E 11161), showing seated Tepemankh and wife Autib receiving offerings from their sons [sA=f] Qaiptah, Khenuka, Kanitef, and Tepemankh; found in D 20. Standing triad or pseudo-group statue (GEM_1077 = Cairo JE 37826): two male figures identified as Tepemankh (possibly father and son - father identified as [jmj-r st xntj-S pr-aA] overseer of the department of palace attendants of the Great House), one female figure identified as Autib; found in D 20 serdab (a).
  • Userkafankh (in G 8664)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Kameni (owner of G 8664). Appears standing before his parents (figure only partially preserved) in chapel relief (west wall); in situ in G 8664.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Jean Capart

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates Belgian, 1877–1947
    • Remarks Belgian Egyptologist. Director of the El-Kab excavations from 1937-9 and then 1945.
  • Ludwig Borchardt

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1863–1938
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1863-1938) German Egyptologist; he was bom in Berlin, 5 Oct. 1863, son of Herman B. and Bertha Levin; he trained as an architect at the Technische Hochschule, 1883-7; he assisted in the Egyptian section of Berlin Museum 1887-8; between 1890 and 1897 he was in charge of building works at Konigsberg; Doctor hon. c. 1897; he studied Egyptology under Erman (q.v.) and first visited Egypt in 1895, working at Philae under Capt. Lyons(q.v.); following de Morgan's great project to catalogue the standing monuments of Egypt ,he inaugurated a less grandiose scheme in conjunction with Maspero (q.v.) for the great (Catalogue Général of Cairo Museum; he became attaché to the German Consulate in Cairo; Borchardt founded and directed the German Institute of Archaeology, 1907-28, on his retirement, he founded his own institute which later became the Swiss Institute; he also contributed a great many texts and much useful information to the Berlin Dictionary; using methods partly derived from Dorpfeld he excavated the sun temple of King Nyuserre at Abu Gurab, 1898-1901, and the pyramids of Abusir; he also excavated and established reconstructions of Amarna houses, 1913-14; Borchardt was the first person to make an intensive study of Egyptian architecture as a subject on its own; he also discovered the workshop of the sculptor Thutmose at Amarna and enriched Berlin Museum with many fine objects from this excavation; another interest of his was chronology; he was a member of the German Arch. Institute, 1898, and a bibliography of his writings, 214 nos., was issued in 1933 to celebrate his 70th birthday; he published, Die aegyptischen,.-, Pflanzensaule1897; Denkmaeler des Alten Reiches (ausser den Statuen) im Museum von Kairo, pt. 1, Cat. Gén., 1901; Das Re- Heiligtum des Konigs Ne-woser-re (Rathures), pt. 1, Der Bau, 1905; Zur Baugeschichte des Amonstempels von Karnak, 1905; Nilmesser und Nilstandsmarken, 1906; Das Grabenkmal des Konigs Ne-user-rec , 1907; Works of Art from the Egyptian Museum at Cairo. With explanations by L. Borchardt, 1908; Das Grabenkmal des Koenig Nefer-ir-ke3-rec, 1909; Das Grabdenkmal des Konigs S'a3hu-rec, 3pts, 1910, 1913; Statuen und Statuetten von Koenigen und Privatleuten im Museum von Kairo, Cat. Gén., 1911-36; Die Annalen und die zeitliche Festlegung des Alten Reiches der Aegyptischen Geschichte, 1917; Quellen und Forschungen zur Zeitbestimmung der Aegyptischen Geschichte, 3pts. 1917, 1935, 1938; Die Altaegyptische Zeitmessung 1920; altaegyptische Festungen an der zweiten Nilschnelle, 1923; Portraets der Koenigin Nofret-ete aus den Grabungen 1912/13 in Tell el-Amarna, 1923; Agypten. Landschaft, Volksleben, Baukunst, with H Ricke, 1930; Allerhand Kleinigkeiten ... zu seinem 70. Geburtstage am 3. Oktober 1933, 1933 Beitraege zur Aegyptischen Bauforschung und Altertumskunde, with Ricke, 1937; Die Entstehung des Generalkatalogs und seine Entwicklung in den Jahren 1897-1899, 1937; Aegyptische Tempel mit Umgang, 1938; he died in Paris, 12 Aug. 1938, and was buried in Cairo. ASAE 39 (1939), 43-7 (portr.) U. Leibovitch); Chron. d .Eg. 14 (1939), 141-3 U. Capart) JEA 24 (1938), 248 (G. Steindorff); NDB 2, 455 (H. Ricke).