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Westernmost of two enigmatic domed, brick structures built directly against the south side of Lepsius 19, thought by the excavators to be animal pens or “hyena cages.”


  • Excavator
    Abdel Moneim Youssef Abu Bakr, 1907–1976
    Edward Brovarski
  • Site Type
  • Remarks
    Lepsius 19, Mastaba X, and Lepsius 20-21 were probably roughly contemporaneous and may have formed a family complex within a brick-built palace-facade enclosure wall, along with a double row of small, contiguous mud-brick mastabas just east of Lepsius 19 and Mastaba X (ABC 2 - ABC 4, ABC 7 - ABC 19).

Published Documents 1

Full Bibliography

  • Brovarski 2018

    Phillips, Steven R. "Two Enigmatic Circular Mud Brick Structures in the Western Field at Giza. A Preliminary Report." In Miroslav Bárta, ed. The Old Kingdom Art and Archaeology. Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague, May 31-June 4, 2004. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, 2006, pp. 239-258.

People 2

Modern People

  • Abdel Moneim Youssef Abu Bakr

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates 1907–1976
    • Remarks Egyptian Egyptologist.
  • Edward Brovarski

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Egyptologist and co-director of the Cairo University-Brown University Excavations (CBE) in the Abu Bakr Cemetery.