Skip to main content
This site is under construction. Thank you for your patience.

Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Washptah (G 8976)
  • Attested
    Khamerernebty [II] (G 8978 & G III-a)
    Shepsesptah (in G 8976)
    Washptah (in G 8976)
    Wemtetka (in G 8976)
    Wemtetka (in G 8976)
    [...]djetptah (in G 8976)
  • Excavator
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
  • Hassan No.
    Washptah (2)
    Wash-Ptah
  • Abou-Ghazi No (ASAE 58 [1964])
    19
  • PorterMoss Date
    End of Dyn 4 or early Dyn 5
  • Site Type
    Rock-cut tomb
  • Shafts
    S 320; S 317; chapel
  • Remarks
    Mastaba built north of G 8970 (Mastaba of Shaft 322), east of G 8975 (Dag) and south of G 8978 (Mastaba of Khamerernebty [II]). Excavated in 1930-1931 by Hassan.

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 3

Full Bibliography

  • Callender, Vivienne G. and Peter Jánosi. "The Tomb of Queen Khamerernebty II at Giza." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo 53 (1997), p. 19.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 2: 1930-1931. Cairo: Faculty of Arts of the Egyptian University & Government Press, 1936, pp. 5-14, figs. 5-14, pl. 4.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 9: 1936-37-38. The Mastabas of the Eighth Season and their Description. Cairo: General Organisation for Government Printing Offices, 1960, folded plan, V-9.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 273, plans 23, C-9, 33.

Photos 3

People 8

Ancient People

  • Khamerernebty [II] (G 8978 & G III-a)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Menkaure, daughter of Khafre and Khamerernebty [I]. Identified on entrance lintel as [sAt nswt nt Xt=f Hmt nswt mAAt Hr StX] king's daughter of his body, king's wife, seer of Horus and Seth; found above entrance to G 8978, possibly not in situ. Two uninscribed statues: one fragmentary wearing pleated robe (JE 48828), the other seated (JE 48856), probably represent Khamerernebty II (or possibly her mother Khamerernebty I); JE 48828 found in serdab ("room B") of G 8978, JE 48856 found in pillared outer hall ("room C") of G 8978. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Khuenre (owner of MQ 1). Appears in chapel relief, south wall (seated before her son), identified as [mAAt Hr StX wrt Hts xrpt sSmtjw SnDt Hmt nswt sAt nswt smswt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter, directress of the butchers of the "Acacia House," king's wife, king's eldest daughter; in situ in Menkaure quarry cemetery MQ 1 = MQ 137. Also mentioned on entrance lintel of Washptah (owner of G 8976), identified as [sAt smswt nswt nt Xt=f mAAt Hr StX wrt Hts Hmt nswt] king's eldest daughter of his body, seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter, king's wife; in situ in G 8976.
  • Shepsesptah (in G 8976)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f n Xt=f] his son of his body) of Washptah (owner of G 8976). Appears on right door jamb of entrance, identified as [sHD Hmwtjw wabt Hm-kA] inspector of craftsmen of the wabet, ka-priest; in situ in G 8976.
  • Washptah (G 8976)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 8976. Entrance door lintel, drum and jambs inscribed for Washptah, identified as [jmj-r Hmwtjw wabt Hm-nTr ptH Hm-nTr skr Hm-nTr xwfw jmj-r Hmw-kA mHnk nswt rx nswt Hrj Xkrw jmAx xr nTr-aA] overseer of craftsmen of the wabet, priest of Ptah, priest of Sokar, priest of Khufu, overseer of ka-priests, intimate of the king, royal acquaintance, supervisor of ornaments, revered before the Great God; in situ in G 8976. Also appears with family members in reliefs on door jamb reveals; in situ in G 8976. Possibly same individual as Washptah (in Street G 7000) mentioned on fragment of stela (25-12-663), identified as [Hm-nTr skr jmAx xr nTr-aA rx nswt] priest of Sokar, revered before the Great God, royal acquaintance; found displaced in upper debris of Street G 7000. However, it is unclear how relief from the Central Field would have ended up in debris of Street G 7000 in the Eastern Cemetery.
  • Washptah (in G 8976)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f n Xt=f] his son of his body) of Washptah (owner of G 8976). Appears on left door jamb reveal of entrance, identified as [sHD Hmwtjw wabt Hm-kA] inspector of craftsmen of the wabet, ka-priest; in situ in G 8976.
  • Wemtetka (in G 8976)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Washptah (owner of G 8976). Appears on left door jamb reveal of entrance, identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 8976.
  • Wemtetka (in G 8976)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Washptah (owner of G 8976). Appears on left door jamb reveal of entrance, identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor; in situ in G 8976.
  • [...]djetptah (in G 8976)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Probable son of Washptah (owner of G 8976). Appears on right door jamb reveal of entrance (name only partially preserved), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 8976.

Modern People

  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.