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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Shepseskafankh (G 8983)
  • Excavator
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
  • Attested
    Ankhkas (in G 8983)
    Atjetkau (in G 8983)
    Djefatka (in G 8983)
    Hathornefer (in G 8983)
    Heken (in G 8983)
    Hepetka (in G 8983)
    Hetepheres (in G 8983)
    Hetepnefret (in G 8983)
    Isutkau (in G 8983)
    Iydjefa (in G 8983)
    Iyemhetep (in G 8983)
    Kaemhat (in G 8983)
    Kares (in G 8983)
    Kauhas (in G 8983)
    Khentetka (in G 8983)
    Khuwinefer (in G 8983)
    Meriy (in G 8983)
    Neferhetepes (in G 8983)
    Neferhetepes (in G 8983)
    Nefret (in G 8983)
    Niankhka (in G 8983)
    Nyankhkhnum (in G 8983)
    Rawerwy (in G 8983)
    Sankhet (in G 8983)
    Satka (in G 8983)
    Sokarhetep (in G 8983)
    Wadjedef (in G 8983)
  • Abou-Ghazi No (ASAE 58 [1964])
    27
  • Hassan No.
    Shepses-ka-f-'ankh
    Shepseskafankh
  • PorterMoss Date
    End of Dyn 5 to middle Dyn 6
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    Shaft j; Shaft i; Shaft k; serdab; chapel
  • Remarks
    Mastaba is north of G 8975 (Dag), southwest of G 8980 (Wetetj-hetep), and south of Khafre Causeway. Excavated in 1930-1931 by Hassan.

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 6

Full Bibliography

  • Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 2: 1930-1931. Cairo: Faculty of Arts of the Egyptian University & Government Press, 1936, pp. 15-31, figs. 15-30, pls. 5-8.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 9: 1936-37-38. The Mastabas of the Eighth Season and their Description. Cairo: General Organisation for Government Printing Offices, 1960, folded plan, V-9.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G393.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 272, plans 23, C-9, 34.

Photos 3

People 29

Ancient People

  • Ankhkas (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears fifth from right in lower register of west wall of G 8983 chapel (relation to tomb owner's family, if any, unspecified); in situ in G 8983.
  • Atjetkau (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears sixth from right in lower register of west wall of G 8983 chapel (relation to tomb owner's family, if any, unspecified); in situ in G 8983.
  • Djefatka (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears third from right in lower register of west wall of G 8983 chapel (relation to tomb owner's family, if any, unspecified); in situ in G 8983.
  • Hathornefer (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and Sankhet. Appears in chapel relief (west wall, behind her mother); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Heken (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and Sankhet. Appears kneeling in chapel relief (west wall); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Hepetka (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears second from right in lower register of west wall of G 8983 chapel (relation to tomb owner's family, if any, unspecified); in situ in G 8983.
  • Hetepheres (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and Sankhet. Appears standing with her sisters in chapel relief (west wall); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Hetepnefret (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Probable daughter of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and Sankhet. Appears in chapel relief (west wall), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Isutkau (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears first in lower register of west wall of G 8983 chapel (relation to tomb owner's family, if any, unspecified); in situ in G 8983.
  • Iydjefa (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and Sankhet. Appears in chapel relief (west wall, behind his father); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Iyemhetep (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and Sankhet. Appears in chapel relief (west wall, in front of his father); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Kaemhat (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Wadjedef (father of Shepseskafankh [owner of G 8983]). Appears in chapel relief (west wall, behind his father), identified as [sS] scribe; in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Kares (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Possible elder son of Wadjedef (father of Shepseskafankh [owner of G 8983]). Appears in chapel relief (west wall, behind Neferhetepes), identified as [rx nswt jmj-r pr jmj-r Hmw-kA] royal acquaintance, steward, overseer of ka-priests; in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Kauhas (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears seventh from right in lower register of west wall of G 8983 chapel (relation to tomb owner's family, if any, unspecified); in situ in G 8983.
  • Khentetka (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears fourth from right in lower register of west wall of G 8983 chapel (relation to tomb owner's family, if any, unspecified); in situ in G 8983.
  • Khuwinefer (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears last in lower register of west wall of G 8983 chapel (relation to tomb owner's family, if any, unspecified); in situ in G 8983.
  • Meriy (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and Sankhet. Appears in chapel relief (west wall, in front of her mother); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Neferhetepes (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and Sankhet. Appears twice in chapel relief of west wall (behind her mother and standing with her sisters); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Neferhetepes (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Mother of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Wadjedef. Appears with family in chapel relief (west wall), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Nefret (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=f] his daughter) of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and Sankhet. Appears kneeling in chapel relief (west wall); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Niankhka (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Kares. Appears in chapel relief (west wall, in front of his father); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Nyankhkhnum (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and Sankhet. Appears in chapel relief (west wall), identified as [sS Hm-kA] scribe, ka-priest; in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Rawerwy (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983) and Sankhet. Appears twice in chapel relief (west wall, in front of his father and south wall, identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Sankhet (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983). Mentioned on north outer jamb of central false door of Shepseskafankh, identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in chapel of G 8983. Also appears with her husband and children in chapel relief (west wall, name not preserved); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Satka (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter ([sAt=s] her daughter) of Neferhetepes (mother of Shepseskafankh [owner of G 8983]). Appears in chapel relief (west wall, in front of her mother); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Shepseskafankh (G 8983)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 8983. Son of Wadjedef and Neferhetepes. Entrance lintel inscribed for Shepseskafankh, identified as [rx nswt Hrj-tp nxb Hm-nTr xafra wab nswt sAw srqt pr-aA jmj-r Hmw-kA] royal acquaintance, chief of Nekheb, priest of Khafre, royal wab-priest, magician of Selket of the Great House, overseer of ka-priests; found fallen before entrance to G 8983. Three false doors in chapel: 1) inscribed for Shepseskafankh Seskare (with the title [sAb] judge, who may be the same individual as Shepseskafankh or perhaps his grandfather or other relation); 2) inscribed for Shepseskafankh, identified as [rx nswt sAw srqt pr-aA wab nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA] royal acquaintance, magician of Selket of the Great House, royal wab-priest, overseer of ka-priests; 3) inscribed for Shepseskafankh, identified as [wab nswt Hm-nTr xafra sAw srqt pr-aA rx nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA] royal wab-priest, priest of Khafre, magician of Selket of the Great House, royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests; in situ in chapel of G 8983. Also appears in chapel relief (west and south walls), identified as [wab nswt Hm-nTr xafra sAw srqt pr-aA jmj-r Hmw-kA sHD Hmw-kA] royal wab-priest, priest of Khafre, magician of Selket of the Great House, overseer of ka-priests, inspector of ka-priests; in situ in G 8983.
  • Sokarhetep (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Kares. Appears in chapel relief (west wall, behind his father); in situ in chapel of G 8983.
  • Wadjedef (in G 8983)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Father of Shepseskafankh (owner of G 8983). Appears with family in chapel relief (west wall), identified as [rx nswt sS Snwt] royal acquaintance, scribe of the granary; in situ in chapel of G 8983.

Modern People

  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.