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  • Tomb Owner
    Ireru (G 8698)
  • Excavator
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
  • Attested
    Kaemhemet (in G 8698)
    Wetka (in G 8698)
  • Hassan No.
  • Abou-Ghazi No (ASAE 58 [1964])
  • PorterMoss Date
    End of Dynasty 5 or Dynasty 6
  • Baer Date
    End of the Dyn 5 or Dyn 6
  • Harpur Date
    Unis - Dynasty 6
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    S 650; S 651; S 730; S 731; S 732; S 741; serdab 1; serdab 2; west chapel; east chapel
  • Remarks
    Mastaba built on north side of Queen Khentkaus' pyramid town, east of G 8697 (Khenu (2)) and west of G 8860 (Washptah (1)). Excavated in 1931-1932 by Hassan.

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 9

Full Bibliography

  • Bolshakov, Andrey. "Osiris in the Fourth Dynasty Again? The False Door of Jntj, MFA 31.781." In Hedvig Györy, ed. Mélanges offerts à Edith Varga. Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts Supplément-2001, Budapest: Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts, 2001, p. 71.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 3: 1931-1932. Cairo: Faculty of Arts, Fouad I University & Government Press, 1941, pp. 57-71, figs. 51-64, pls. 21-24.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 6: 1934-1935. Part 2: The Offering List in the Old Kingdom. Cairo: Government Press, 1948, p. 123, pls. 25-32.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 9: 1936-37-38. The Mastabas of the Eighth Season and their Description. Cairo: General Organisation for Government Printing Offices, 1960, folded plan, S/T-14.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G337-G338.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 280, plan 23, E-8.

    Reisner, George A. Mycerinus: The Temples of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1931, p. 281, pls. 64(d,e), A.

People 4

Ancient People

  • Ireru (G 8698)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 8698. Entrance door jambs and reveals (incompletely preserved) and drum lintel inscribed for Ireru, identified as [jmj-r Sna jaw-r nswt] overseer of the storeroom of the king's repast; in situ in G 8698. Two false doors inscribed for Ireru, identified as [jmj-r Sna jaw-r nswt wab nswt rx nswt] overseer of the storeroom of the king's repast, royal wab-priest, royal acquaintance; in situ in G 8698. Appears seated at offering table in chapel relief (west wall); in situ in G 8698.
  • Kaemhemet (in G 8698)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Ireru (owner of G 8698). Appears on entrance door reveal (incompletely preserved); in situ in G 8698.
  • Wetka (in G 8698)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Eldest son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Ireru (owner of G 8698). Appears (figures no longer preserved) at bottom of both entrance door jambs, identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 8698. Appears (bottom of inner northern jambs) on two false doors inscribed for Ireru, and in chapel relief offering a bird to his father (west wall); in situ in G 8698.

Modern People

  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.