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  • Tomb Owner
    Hemu (G 8492)
    Shepseskafankh (G 8492)
  • Attested
    Kadua (G 8472)
    Khenut (in G 8492)
    Nubhetep (in G 8492)
    Sekhemre (in G 8492)
  • Excavator
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
  • Hassan No.
    Hemw & Shepses-ka-ef-'Ankh
  • Abou-Ghazi No (ASAE 58 [1964])
  • PorterMoss Date
    End of Dynasty 5 or later
  • Harpur Date
    Unis - Teti
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    S 1373; S 1374; S 1375; S 1376; S 1377; S 1378; serdab; chapel
  • Remarks
    Mastaba built east of G 8472 (Kadua) and west of G 8504 (Nikauhathor). Excavated in 1934-1935 by Hassan.

Finds 2

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 7

Full Bibliography

  • Bolshakov, Andrey. "Osiris in the Fourth Dynasty Again? The False Door of Jntj, MFA 31.781." In Hedvig Györy, ed. Mélanges offerts à Edith Varga. Bulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts Supplément-2001, Budapest: Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts, 2001, pp. 70, 77-78.

    Bolshakov, Andrey. "Princess Hm.t-ra(w): The First Mention of Osiris?" Chronique d'Égypte 67 (1992), pp. 208-209.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 6: 1934-1935. Part 2: The Offering List in the Old Kingdom. Cairo: Government Press, 1948, p. 131 [66], pls. 57-64.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 6: 1934-1935. Part 3: The Mastabas of the Sixth Season and their Description. Cairo: Government Press, 1950, pp. 81-91, figs. 63-76, pls. 34-37.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 9: 1936-37-38. The Mastabas of the Eighth Season and their Description. Cairo: General Organisation for Government Printing Offices, 1960, folded plan, O-7/8.

    Jacquet-Gordon, Domaines funéraires, 292 (37G5), figs. 80-1.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G373.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 245, plan 23, B-6.

People 7

Ancient People

  • Hemu (G 8492)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 8492. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (drum lintel, architrave, door jambs, northern false door, chapel west wall), identified variously as [rx nswt wab nswt sHD pr-aA smr pr Hrj-sStA Hm-nTr Nj-wsr-ra Hm-nTr ra m Axt-ra Hm-nTr Sspw-jb-ra sHD pr jrj mrHt] royal acquaintance, royal wab-priest, inspector of the Great House, companion of the house, secretary, priest of Niuserre, priest of Re in the sun-temple of Menkauhor, priest of Re in the sun-temple of Niuserre, inspector of the house, keeper of oils; in situ in G 8492. Appears south of southern false door on west wall of chapel, and on left outer door thickness, identified as [sAb sS] juridicial scribe; both in situ in G 8472. Also appears with his wife Nubhetep on limestone panel (EMC_TR_19.6.46.7); found displaced in front of doorway of chapel in G 8472. Fragments of a false door inscribed for Hemu were found displaced near the northern end of the western wall of the passage between G 8472 and G 8492.
  • Kadua (G 8472)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Owner of G 8472. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (entrance, architrave, drum lintel, door jambs, false doors, chapel walls), identified variously as [Hm-nTr Hr wsrjb Hm-nTr wsrmnbtj sHD wabw rx nswt jmj-r pr Hm-kA wab nswt Hm-nTr xafra smsw hAjt Hrj-sStA smsw hAjt n xafra-wr] priest of the Horus Userib (Khafre), priest of Useremnebty (Khafre), inspector of wab-priests, royal acquaintance, steward, ka-priest, royal wab-priest, priest of Khafre, elder of the (judicial) court, secretary, elder of the (judicial) court of the pyramid of Khafre; in situ in G 8472. Father of Hemu (G 8492); standing statue of Kadua (EMC_JE_72218) found in tomb of Hemu.
  • Khenut (in G 8492)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Hemu (G 8492). Appears in door jamb thicknesses with her father, identified as [Xkrt nswt] royal ornament; in situ.
  • Nubhetep (in G 8492)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife [Hmt=f] of Hemu (G 8492). Appears with her husband on limestone panel (EMC_TR_19.6.46.7), identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor; found displaced in front of doorway of chapel in G 8472.
  • Sekhemre (in G 8492)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Hemu (G 8492). Appears on door jamb thicknesses with his father; in situ.
  • Shepseskafankh (G 8492)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Presumed by Hassan to be co-owner of tomb. Southern false door inscribed for Shepseskafankh, identified as [rx nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA jmj-r pr] royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests, steward; in situ.

Modern People

  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.