Skip to main content
This site is under construction. Thank you for your patience.

Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Akhethetep (G 8942)
  • Attested
    Hamuka (in G 8942)
    Hernefret (in G 8942)
    Herunefer (in G 8942)
    Kaiy (in G 8942)
    Kanefer (in G 8942)
    Nefret (in G 8942)
    Nikauhathor (in G 8942)
    Peseshet (in G 8942)
    Rawer (in G 8942)
  • Excavator
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
  • Hassan No.
    Akhethetep (1)
    Akhet-hetep
  • Abou-Ghazi No (ASAE 58 [1964])
    3
  • PorterMoss Date
    Early Dyn 5 or Dyn 6
  • Site Type
    Half-mastaba/half rock-cut
  • Shafts
    2 shafts; 5 burial chambers; chapel A; chapel B
  • Remarks
    Mastaba built south of G 8992 (Rawer (1)) at its eastern end, against northern side of G 8939 (Mastaba of Shaft 77), southwest of G 8954 (Djedi) and east of G 8884 (Uninscribed Rock Cut Tomb; Rock Cut Tomb D/E-8/9). Excavated in 1929-1930 by Hassan.

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 4

Full Bibliography

  • Baud, Michel. "The Tombs of Khamerernebty I and II at Giza." Göttinger Miszellen 164 (1998), p. 7.

    Baud, Michel. "La tombe de la reine-mère xa-mrr-Nbtj Ire." Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 95 (1995), pp. 12, 14.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 1: 1929-1930. Oxford & Cairo: Faculty of Arts of the Egyptian University & Oxford University Press, 1932, pp. 73-86, figs. 130-146, pls. 47-51, 80b, plan on Frontispiece.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 6: 1934-1935. Part 2: The Offering List in the Old Kingdom. Cairo: Government Press, 1948, p. 117, pls. 9-14.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 9: 1936-37-38. The Mastabas of the Eighth Season and their Description. Cairo: General Organisation for Government Printing Offices, 1960, folded plan, U-11/12.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 284, plan 23, D-9.

    Strudwick, Nigel. "Three Monuments of Old Kingdom Treasury Officials." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 71 (1985), p. 50.

Photos 3

People 11

Ancient People

  • Akhethetep (G 8942)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 8942. Probable son of Kanefer and Peseshet. Entrance lintel, door jambs and drum inscribed for Akhethetep, identified as [jmj-r Hmw-kA mwt-nswt sS pr-HD sHD sSw Snwt rx nswt sS Snwt pr-HD] overseer of ka-priests of the king's mother, scribe of the treasury, inspector of scribes of the granary, royal acquaintance, scribe of the granary and of the treasury; chapel architrave inscribed for Akhethetep, identified as [sHD sSw n pr-HD jmj-r sSw n Axt-xwfw] inspector of scribes of the treasury, overseer of scribes of the pyramid of Khufu. Also appears in chapel relief (north, west, east, south walls), identified as [sS Snwt pr-HD Xnw] scribe of the granary and of the treasury of the Residence; false door and lintel inscribed for Akhethetep, identified as [rx nswt jmAx (xr) nb jmj-r Hmw-kA mwt-nswt sHD sSw pr-HD jmj-r sSw n Axt-xwfw sHD sSw Snwt] royal acquaintance, revered (before his) lord, overseer of ka-priests of the king's mother, inspector of scribes of the treasury, overseer of scribes of the pyramid of Khufu, inspector of scribes of the granary; all in situ in G 8942.
  • Hamuka (in G 8942)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Eldest son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Akhethetep (owner of G 8942) and Nikauhathor. Appears standing with his father on northern entrance jamb and southern chapel wall; in situ in G 8942.
  • Hernefret (in G 8942)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears carrying basin and ewer at bottom of eastern chapel wall, identified as [Hm-kA pr-mnat Hrnfrt] ka-priest of the birthing-house(?) Hernefret; in situ in G 8942. Alternately, inscription may read [Hm-kA prHrnfrt] ka-priest Perhernefret.
  • Herunefer (in G 8942)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears censing at bottom of eastern chapel wall, identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 8942.
  • Kaiy (in G 8942)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears carrying tray of offerings at bottom of eastern chapel wall, identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 8942.
  • Kanefer (in G 8942)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Father of Akhethetep (owner of G 8942). Appears on false door of wife Peseshet, identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in chapel of G 8942.
  • Nefret (in G 8942)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Eldest daughter ([sAt=f smswt] his eldest daughter) of Akhethetep (owner of G 8942) and Nikauhathor. Appears standing with her father on southern entrance jamb and western chapel wall; in situ in G 8942.
  • Nikauhathor (in G 8942)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Akhethetep (owner of G 8942). False door and lintel inscribed for Nikauhathor, identified as [rxt nswt Hm-kA mwt-nswt] royal acquaintance, ka-priest of the king's mother; in situ in chapel of G 8942.
  • Peseshet (in G 8942)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Mother of Akhethetep (owner of G 8942). Appears with husband Kanefer on false door inscribed for Peseshet, identified as [jmj-r swnwt rxt nswt jmj-r Hmw-kA mwt-nswt] overseer of female physicians, royal acquaintance, overseer of ka-priests of the king's mother; in situ in chapel of G 8942.
  • Rawer (in G 8942)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f] his son) of Akhethetep (owner of G 8942) and Nikauhathor. Appears standing with his father on eastern chapel wall; in situ in G 8942.

Modern People

  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.