Skip to main content
This site is under construction. Thank you for your patience.

Two pieces of furniture belonging to Queen Hetepheres I: carrying chair restored with modern wood and ancient gold, and rilled cane (staff) consisting of four parts (modern wood) joined together, covered with gold foil and thin fragments of silver.


  • ID
  • Department
    Grand Egyptian Museum
  • Classification
  • Findspot
    G 7000 X
  • Material
    Wood (modern); Gold; Silver
  • Dimensions
    Chair: 56.6 x 64.0 x 207.5 cm; cane: total L 1.69 m
  • Credit Line
    Grand Egyptian Museum
  • Journal d'Entree number
  • Journal d'Entree number
  • Journal d'Entree number
  • Cairo Special Register number
  • Cairo Special Register number
  • Period
    Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, reign of Khufu
  • Excavator
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
  • Owner
    Hetepheres I (G 7000 X)
  • Notes
    From excavations of George Reisner, March 1925. It is unclear whether GEM number GEM_6362 in meant to include both the chair and the cane; description in GEM records does not mention the cane, however it is included in the object photograph and its original JE number (EMC_JE_89619A-B) is listed in the alternate numbers field. A large portion of Special Register section 7 (volumes 13-16) was originally misnumbered, with the object numbers following in sequence from section 1 volume 4; these numbers have thus been given EMC_SR_1 prefixes, despite being recorded in section 7.
  • Remarks
    RELATED CONSTITUENT(S): George Reisner; Hetepheres; ALTERNATE NUMBER(S): EMC_JE_52372; EMC_JE_89619B; EMC_SR_1.10075; EMC_SR_1.14598

Tombs and Monuments 1

Full Bibliography

  • Reisner, George A., and William Stevenson Smith. A History of the Giza Necropolis. Vol. 2, The Tomb of Hetep-Heres the Mother of Cheops: A Study of Egyptian Civilization in the Old Kingdom. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1955, pp. 33-4 pls. 27-9, fig. 34.

    Smith, William Stevenson. “The Old Kingdom in Egypt,” The Cambridge Ancient History, rev. ed. of vols. I & II, Cambridge University Press, 1962, p. 26.

Photos 25

People 2

Ancient People

  • Hetepheres I (G 7000 X)

    • Type Owner
    • Remarks Wife of King Snefru, founder of Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty, and mother of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid. Her burial was hidden in a secret chamber (labeled G 7000 X) nearly 90 feet underground, and contained beautiful pieces of gilded and inlaid wooden furniture, silver jewelry, and a large alabaster sarcophagus that was found to be mysteriously empty.

Modern People

  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.