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Painted limestone standing dyad of man and woman, possibly Mersuankh and his wife.


  • ID
  • Department
    Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Classification
  • Findspot
    G 8990, upper serdab
  • Material
  • Dimensions
    50 x 28 x 18 cm
  • Credit Line
    National Museum of Egyptian Civilization
  • Cairo Special Register number
  • Period
    Old Kingdom, Dynasty 5
  • Excavator
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
  • Owner
    Mersuankh (G 8990)
  • Object owned by
    Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Attested
    Perankhes (in G 8990)
  • Notes
    From excavations of Selim Hassan.
  • Remarks
    ALTERNATE NUMBER(S): SR_2/_14747; RELATED CONSTITUENT(S): Mersuankh (G 8990), Perankhes (in G 8990), Selim Hassan; RELATED SITE(S): G 8990

Full Bibliography

  • Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 1: 1929-1930, pp. 115-116, pl. 73; Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G356/2; Porter & Moss, p. 270.

People 3

Ancient People

  • Mersuankh (G 8990)

    • Type Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 8990. Chapel lintel, door jambs and reveals inscribed for Mersuankh, identified as [jmj-r jdw n Xnw sHD Hmw-kA nfr] overseer of young men of the Residence, inspector of ka-priests, cadet; in situ in G 8990. False door inscribed for Mersuankh, identified as [Dt smr rawr jmj-r jdw n Xnw jmj-r jSt=f nbt n Xnw nt rwt] djet-priest of the companion Rawer, overseer of young men of the Residence, overseer of all his (Rawer's) possessions of the Residence and the exterior; in situ in G 8990. Four limestone offering tables inscribed for Mersuankh; in situ before false door. Also appears on false door of his mother Rudjsaus, and in wall reliefs and statuary (JE 66617-66620) from serdabs and shafts; in situ in G 8990.
  • Perankhes (in G 8990)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Possible wife(?) of Mersuankh (owner of G 8990). Appears on false door of Mersuankh (northern inner jamb, top register); in situ in G 8990. Possibly also depicted in uninscribed pair statue (JE 66619) from G 8990 serdab.

Modern People

  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.

Institutions 1