Skip to main content
This site is under construction. Thank you for your patience.

Fragment of fine-grained greenish colored flint pesesh-kef; hieroglyphs on front, inscribed for Khamerenebty I (mother of Menkaure); broken at both ends. [07-1-80]


  • ID
  • Department
    Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Classification
    Tools & Equipment-Ritual implements
  • Findspot
    Menkaure Pyramid Temple ([MPT] GMT / room F = magazine corridor 15)
  • Material
  • Dimensions
    H x W x D: 7.2 x 4.7 x 0.6 cm (2 13/16 x 1 7/8 x 1/4 in.)
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Object Ownership Information
  • Period
    Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, reign of Khafre
  • Attested
  • Owner
    Khamerernebty [I] (in G 8978)
  • Notes
    This object was excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition, but was not recorded in any object register book. 1907: Excavated by the Harvard University–Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1911: assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt. (Accession date: March 2, 1911)
  • Remarks
    Registration number obtained from publication; no registration records available for 1907.
  • Problems/Questions
    Problem: publication p. 233 identifies findspot as room 15, publication pl. 19a identifies findspot as 14

Tombs and Monuments 1

Published Documents 3

Full Bibliography

  • Baud, Michel. "La tombe de la reine-mère xa-mrr-Nbtj Ire." Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 95 (1995), p. 18.

    Callender, Vivienne G. and Peter Jánosi. "The Tomb of Queen Khamerernebty II at Giza." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo 53 (1997), p. 19.

    Friedman, Florence Dunn. "The Menkaure Dyad(s)." In Stephen E. Thompson and Peter Der Manuelian, eds. Egypt and Beyond: Essays Presented to Leonard H. Lesko upon his Retirement from the Wilbour Chair of Egyptology at Brown University June 2005. Providence: Department of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies, 2008, p. 141.

    Markowitz, Yvonne J., Joyce L. Haynes, and Rita E. Freed. Egypt in the Age of the Pyramids: Highlights from the Harvard University–Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Expedition. Boston: MFA Publications, 2002, p. 69, cat. 17b.

    Reisner, George A. Mycerinus: The Temples of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1931, pp. 18, 233, pl. 19a.

Photos 3

People 2

Ancient People

  • Khamerernebty [I] (in G 8978)

    • Type Owner
    • Remarks Mother of Khamerernebty [II] and Menkaure and wife of Khafre (Chephren). Identified on entrance lintel as [mwt nswt-bjtj sAt nswt-bjtj sAt nTr] mother of the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, daughter of the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, daughter of the god; found above entrance to G 8978, possibly not in situ.
  • Menkaure

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Fifth king of Dynasty 4. Son of Khafre. Husband of Khamerernebti II. Builder of the Third Pyramid at Giza. Known two thousand years later by the Greeks as King Mycerinus.