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Diary Transcription:

page 828

microfilm: begin page 828

Tuesday, July 25, 1939
At 5 p.m. Mohammed Tammam came and told me that the Southern door jamb of G 7691 is stolen. I immediately met Miss Perkins and Mr. Frank and told them about that. Then I went in with Mr. Frank and saw the room and Frank told me that tomorrow Mr. Frank will tell the Mudir. On Wednesday Frank told the Mudir and the Mudir call me to explain to him what happened, and he says that he is going to write a letter to Drioton the Director General, reporting that to him.

Wednesday, July 26, 1939
The Mudir write a letter to Professor Drioton telling him all what happened and Mr. Bill took the letter and went to the Museum to deliver it to Drioton and to meet him and explain what happened.

Thursday, August 3, 1939
A mason is building a little garden south of the veranda to put the flowers we brought for the decoration on the Reisners day arrival in Cairo. Today arrived from Quft, Attito [Attito Mahmud], Dahi, Mahmoud Ali, Mohammed Salem, Abd el-Salam abd el Latif, Abd-alla-Ahmed, and Orabi Radwan.

Friday, August 4, 1939
The mason in the little garden.

Saturday, August 6, 1939
At 4.30 p.m. arrived at the camp and met the Mudir, an inspector from the Department of Antiquities, because of the stolen stone from G 7691. He spoke with the Dr. for a while and then took Mr. Frank and Mohammed Said Ahmed in to the eastern cemetery to see the place of the stole fragment.
Mohammed Said, told the inspector, could you see the huts of the Service guards in the eastern cemetery, and the Inspector said "sure, of course I would like to see the huts and the guards".
They start first with the hut of the service guard beside the Hetepheres tomb, guarding the work implements of Selim Bey Hassan and he found the service guard in his place.
East of the Hetepheres tomb there is another service guard, but the Inspector did not find him, and he wrote his name.
In the eastern cliff in the rock cut tomb is a service hut, and the Inspector found the guard.
We walked along the eastern edge of our excavation and Mohammed showed the Inspector the road used by the people of the village after the service closed the main road south of our big dump heap. The Inspector said that he will see about that road and if he could not opened the main road, he will put a guard from the service to watch the road. I told the Inspector that from that road the thieves stole the fragments of G 7691. We walk to the stolen fragment, and I told the Inspector that we do not know the room because we do not excavate it, and our huts are far away and not looking on it, because it is in a lower place. The inspector saw the place and after that he went in to the excavations of Selim Bey Hassan and Mr. Frank with him. I was waiting beside the Pyramid and waiting for Mr. Frank and the Inspector and I met them there and we all came to the camp again. The inspector met the Mudir and at 7.30 p.m. he went in town.
At 9 p.m. Reis Abd el Mawgood came to me and asked me. The Inspector was here today and saw the excavations. "Do you know why he came today because you were with him all the time?" I told him "yes, I know" and I will told you why he came here and I told him about everything about the stolen stone, and he was sorry "as looks to us", he was kicking his head and nearly weep. I told Reis Abd el Mawgood "what you do now is not useful, I told him to do some other things which might be useful. He told me what to do, I told, go and search for the stolen stone otherwise it will be on you. I told him it is easy if you go and search all this night, perhaps you could found the stone, and I told him if you found come and told me and I will help and say that we found the stone, and you will be quite safe, because the inspector told me that he want you and Reis Abd el Aleem tomorrow in the Museum to ask you.
At 1:30 in the morning, Ahmed El Nigair [Ahmed Hassan el-Nagar] our guard came and told me that Reis Abd el Mawgood and Mohammed Abd el Hadi (the chief guard of Saqqarah) wanted to see me now, I went in with him and I met them in the beginning of our gate beside the Fauum road, they asked me these questions:

microfilm: end page 828

Details

  • Classification
    Documentation-Expedition diary pages
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Display Page Dates
    07/27/1939; 07/26/1939; 08/03/1939; 08/04/1939; 08/06/1939
  • Translator
    Mahmoud Said Ahmed [Diraz]
  • Mentioned on page
    Abd-el-Aleem (Reis)
    Abd-el-Mawgood (Reis)
    Abd-el-Salam Abd-el-Latif
    Abdalla Ahmed el-Gebel
    Ahmed Hassan el-Nagar
    Attito Mahmud el-Nahi
    Dahi el-Batlan
    Etienne Marie-Félix Drioton, French, 1889–1961
    Evelyn Esther Perkins, British
    Francis Olcott Allen
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
    Mahmoud Ali
    Mohamed Salem
    Mohammed Abd-el-Hadi
    Mohammed Said Ahmed [Diraz] (Reis)
    Mohammed Tammam
    Orabi Radwan
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
    William Stevenson Smith, American, 1907–1969
    Hetepheres I (G 7000 X)
  • Author
    Mohammed Said Ahmed [Diraz] (Reis)

Tombs and Monuments 2

  • G 7000 X

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery
  • G 7691

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery

Photos 1

People 22

Ancient People

  • Hetepheres I (G 7000 X)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks Wife of King Snefru, founder of Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty, and mother of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid. Her burial was hidden in a secret chamber (labeled G 7000 X) nearly 90 feet underground, and contained beautiful pieces of gilded and inlaid wooden furniture, silver jewelry, and a large alabaster sarcophagus that was found to be mysteriously empty.

Modern People

  • Abd-el-Aleem (Reis)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
  • Abd-el-Mawgood (Reis)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
  • Abd-el-Salam Abd-el-Latif

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Expedition worker at Giza.
  • Abdalla Ahmed el-Gebel

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Guard at Giza (from Quft).
  • Ahmed Hassan el-Nagar

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Guard at Giza (from Quft).
  • Attito Mahmud el-Nahi

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Brother of Ahmed Mahmud el-Nahi.
  • Dahi el-Batlan

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Dig house worker who ironed clothes for the ladies.
  • Etienne Marie-Félix Drioton

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates French, 1889–1961
    • Remarks Chanoine; L'Abbe Drioton; Egyptologist; Inspector General; Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1889-1961) French Egyptologist ; born at Nancy, 21 Nov. 1889, son of Etienne D. and Félicie Maria Moitrier; he was educated at the Ecole Saint-Sigisbert, and in 1905 went on to the Séminaire at Nancy to be trained as a priest; he later became a Canon of the Church; he went to Rome in 1912, becoming a Doctor of Philosophy at the St. Thomas Academy and in 1913 received a Doctorate in Theology at the Gregorian University; at this period he was mainly interested in Hebrew and Bible studies; he became a Lic. in Biblical Sciences of the pontifical Commission; his interest now turned to Oriental studies and in 1918 he gained the Diploma of the Ecole Libre des Langues orientales at the Catholic Institute of Paris, taking Egyptian and Coptic as his subjects; he had been interested in ancient Egypt from the age of eleven and he took Egyptian grammar lessons by correspondence with Bénédite (q.v.); in 1919 he was appointed Professor of Egyptian philology and Coptic language at the Catholic Institute in succession to Virey (q.v.); for his students he now produced a handy Cours de Grammaire égyptienne, a work praised by F. Ll. Griffith (q.v.) in JEA, and the first teaching grammar other than translations of Erman's Aeg. Grammatik that had been written in France for many years; Drioton worked as Assistant Keeper with Boreux (q.v.) at the Louvre from 1926, and from 1925 he undertook the epigraphic survey at the Medamud excavations of the Institut Francais directed by Bisson de la Roque (q.v.), publishing afterwards two volumes of inscriptions; he now showed his interest in the reading of Ptolemaic texts; he also at this period worked on cryptographic writings and published several articles on this subject which were to become classics; in 1936 he was appointed Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service succeeding Lacau (q.v.), and filled this position for sixteen years; this was also an immensely productive period of his life as he published scores of articles and reviews; he also found time to give courses at the Institute of Egyptology of the University of Cairo and helped to train many young Egyptians in Egyptology ; he was appointed Director, 1952, at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Professor at the Collège de France, 1957; he gained many awards and decorations from different countries including Egypt and Iran, and was an Officer of the Légion d'Honneur; his specialities were religious subjects, Egyptian monotheism, and maxims and morals written on scarabs; "Essai sur la cryptographie privée de la fin de la XVIII dynastie" (1933) and "Recueil de cryptographie monumentale" (1940) were among his most important works in this field, exhibiting notable insight. Ancient Egyptian religious mystery plays also interested him and he showed the existence in ancient Egypt of a profane as well as sacred theatre, whose subjects like those of the Greeks were derived from mythology although not liturgical; painting of the Coptic period also fascinated him, as well as the 'Teaching of Amenemope' and its relationship with the Biblical book of Proverbs; on his return to France Drioton was made a member of the Conseil Artistique for Museums; he had an easy and fluent style which made his books and articles very readable; his bibliography up to 1955 numbered 287 items in all; his mongraphs included Introduction a l'étude des hiéroglyphes, with H. Sottas; with Marcelle Baud he produced two vols. on the Theban tombs, Le Tombeau de Roy, 1928, Le Tombeau de Panehesy, 1932; also Le Drame sacré dans I'antique Egypte, 1929; Une Scène des mystères D'horus, 1929; Ce que l'on sait du théâtre égyptien; Le Théâtre égyptien, 1942; Procédé acrophonique et principe consonantal, 1943-, An explanation of the enigmatical inscriptions on the Serapeum plaques of PtoLemy IV, 1946; L'Egypte, with j. Vandier, 1946; La Religion égyptienne, 1955; Maximes morales sur des scarabées égyptiens, 1957; Sur la sagesse d 'Aménémopé, 1957; Le Livre des proverbes et la sagesse d' Aménémopé, 1959; Egypte pharaonique, 1959; Boiseries coptes de style pharaonique, 1960; he died in Montgeron, 17 Jan. 1961 AFO 20 (1963), 308-9 (portr.)( J. Leclant); L'Ami du clergé, Langres 71 (1961), 295-6 (L. Christiani); BIFAO 61 (1962), 1-6 (portr.) (F. Daumas); BSAC 16 (1961-2), 335-7 (Sami Gabra), 337-42 (P. du Bourguet); BSFE 32 (Dec. 1961), 31-4( J. Sainte Fare Garnot); Bulletin de la Faculté des Lettres de Strasbourg, 40th year, no. 2 (Nov. 1961), 163-7 (portr.)( J. Leclant); Chron. D'Eg. 36 (1961), 175-8 (B. van de Walle) ibid. no 73 (1962), 5-7 (P. Gilbert); CRAIBL 1961, 24-5 (P. Chantraine), 106-7 (C. Schaeffer); La Croix, Paris, 27 Jan. 1961 (P. du Bourguet); Ecclesia, Paris, no. 145 (Apr. 1961), 123-30 (5 iilus.) (M. Colinon); Encielopedia Pomba, Turin, vol. ii (I 962), 353 (F. jesi);.Etudes, Paris, 94th year, vol. 309 (Apr. 1961), 73-84 (P. du Bourguet)); JEA 47 (1961). 4(J.Cerny); journal de Genève, 20jan. 1961, 2 (C. Maystre); Le Monde, Paris, I Feb. 1961 (no. 4988), 8 (G. Wiet); Nauvelles de l'Institut Catholique de Paris, 12, no. 3 (Feb-Mar. 1961), 17-22 (2 illus.) (P. du Bourguet); Rev. Arch. 1961, ii. 83-5 (J. Sainte Fare Garnot); ibid. 1962, i. 97 (Ch. Picard); La Revue du Gaire, vol. xlvi, no. 246 (Feb. 1961), 173-4 (A. Papadopoulo); Rev. d'ég- 13 (I 961), 9-18 (portr.)( J. Vandier); ;ZAS 87 (1962) pp. i-ii (portr.)( J. Vandier); BIFAO 56 (1957), 1-18 (bibl.)( J.Jacquiot); BSFE 116 (1989) 5-7 (J. Vercoutter).
  • Evelyn Esther Perkins

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates British
    • Remarks Secretary to George Reisner
  • Francis Olcott Allen

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Archaeologist/Egyptologist for the Harvard University--Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Mahmoud Ali

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
  • Mahmoud Said Ahmed [Diraz]

    • Type Translator
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Diary translator. Son of Said Ahmed Said [Diraz] (Head Reis 1908-1926). Brother of Mohammed Said Ahmed (Head Reis 1936-1939). Family name, Diraz, was supplied by Said Ahmed Said's grandsons in 2006.
  • Mohamed Salem

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Son of Salem Hassan (Expedition cook).
  • Mohammed Abd-el-Hadi

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Guard at Saqqara.
  • Mohammed Said Ahmed [Diraz] (Reis)

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Head Reis for the Harvard-MFA expedition, 1936–1939. Son of Said Ahmed Said [Diraz] (Head Reis 1908-1926) and brother of Mahmoud Said Ahmed [Diraz] (Translator) and Ahmed Said Ahmed [Diraz]. Family name, Diraz, was supplied by Said Ahmed Said's grandsons in 2006.
  • Mohammed Said Ahmed [Diraz] (Reis)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Head Reis for the Harvard-MFA expedition, 1936–1939. Son of Said Ahmed Said [Diraz] (Head Reis 1908-1926) and brother of Mahmoud Said Ahmed [Diraz] (Translator) and Ahmed Said Ahmed [Diraz]. Family name, Diraz, was supplied by Said Ahmed Said's grandsons in 2006.
  • Mohammed Tammam

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Guard at Giza (from Quft).
  • Orabi Radwan

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Guard at Giza (from Quft).
  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.
  • William Stevenson Smith

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1907–1969
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Curator, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.