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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Kaunisut (G 8960)
  • Attested
    Iti (in G 8960)
    Merka (in G 8960)
    Merptah (in G 8960)
    Nefer (in G 8960)
    Sau (in G 8960)
    Shepseskafankh (in G 8960)
    Weretka (in G 8960)
  • Excavator
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
  • Hassan No.
    Kaunisut
    Kaw-niswt
  • Abou-Ghazi No (ASAE 58 [1964])
    30
  • PorterMoss Date
    Late Dynasty 4 or Dynasty 5
  • Site Type
    Rock-cut tomb w/ stone casing
  • Shafts
    Shaft L; Shaft G; chapel; basin; pillared hall
  • Remarks
    Mastaba built west of the temple of the Sphinx, northeast of G 8957 (Nefertnesut) and south of G 8978 (Khaemerernebti [II]). Excavated in 1930-1931 by Hassan.

Finds 4

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 4

Full Bibliography

  • Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 2: 1930-1931. Cairo: Faculty of Arts of the Egyptian University & Government Press, 1936, pp. 75-86, figs. 81-91, pls. 23-26.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 4: 1932-1933. Cairo: Government Press, 1943, p. 85.

    Hassan, Selim. Excavations at Gîza 9: 1936-37-38. The Mastabas of the Eighth Season and their Description. Cairo: General Organisation for Government Printing Offices, 1960, folded plan, W-10.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 274, plan 23, C-10.

Photos 9

People 9

Ancient People

  • Iti (in G 8960)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on left jamb of southern chapel entrance (top register), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 8960.
  • Kaunisut (G 8960)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of G 8960. Northern false door inscribed for Kaunisut, identified as [jmj-xnt xrp jrw Sn xrp aH jrj nfr-HAt Hrj-sStA jmj-r js] he who is in the forecourt, director of hairdressers, director of the palace, keeper of the diadem, secretary, overseer of the is-chamber; in situ in G 8960. Also appears on southern entrance door jambs and drum, identified (on drum) as [jmj-xnt Hm-nTr nxbt Hm-nTr wADt jrj nfr-HAt xrp jrw Sn] he who is in the forecourt, priest of Nekhbet, priest of Wadjet, keeper of the diadem, director of hairdressers; in situ in G 8960.
  • Merka (in G 8960)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on left jamb of southern chapel entrance (top register), identified as [jmj-r Hmw-kA] overseer of ka-priests; in situ in G 8960.
  • Merptah (in G 8960)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on left jamb of southern chapel entrance (bottom register), carrying basin and ewer; in situ in G 8960.
  • Nefer (in G 8960)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears (figure only partially preserved) on left jamb of southern chapel entrance (bottom register), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 8960.
  • Sau (in G 8960)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears on left jamb of southern chapel entrance (bottom register), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; in situ in G 8960.
  • Shepseskafankh (in G 8960)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Kaunisut (owner of G 8960). Appears on right thickness and northern outer jamb of northern false door; in situ in G 8960. Also appears on right jamb of southern entrance door, identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; in situ in G 8960.
  • Weretka (in G 8960)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Kaunisut (owner of G 8960). Appears on tablet of northern false door inscribed for Kaunisut, identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor; in situ in G 8960. Also appears (name not preserved) on right thickness of northern false door with her husband and son; in situ in G 8960.

Modern People

  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.