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  • Tomb Owner
    Djasha (D 39+40)
  • Excavator
    Georg Steindorff, German, 1861–1951
  • Other No
    D 39/40
    D 39
    D 40
  • PorterMoss Date
    Dynasty 5
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    D 39,1; D 39,2; D 39,3; D 39,4; D 39,5; D 39,Serdab; D 40,1; D 40,2; D 40,3
  • Remarks
    Double Mastaba built in field west of G 4000, north of D 38 and east of D 37.
  • Problems/Questions
    Baud, Michel, Famille royale et pouvoir sous l'Ancien Empire égyptien, IFAO, EMC_2005, (= BdE 126,1-2), S. 222 u. 609. Grimm, Alfred [Hrsg.], Steindorff, Georg and Uvo Hölscher, Die Mastabas westlich der Cheopspyramide (...), S. 44f., Taf. 9. Jánosi, Peter, Rezension zu Georg Steindorff und Uvo Hölscher, [Hrsg.] Alfred Grimm, Die Mastabas westlich der Cheopspyramide, Münchner Ägyptologische Untersuchungen 21 (Frankfurt am Main, 1991), in: WZKM 83 (1993), S. 257. Porter, Bertha and Rosalind B. Moss, Assisted by Ethel W. Burney, Topographical Bibliography [...], III. Memphis. Part I, S. 111f. Spiekermann, Antje / Friederike Kampp-Seyfried. Giza - Ausgrabungen im Friedhof der Cheopspyramide von Georg Steindorff. Ägyptisches Museum, Kleine Schriften des Ägyptischen Museums der Universität Leipzig, Band 6. Leipzig, Ägyptisches Museum, 2003, S. 51-60.

Finds 8

Maps & Plans 1

Published Documents 5

Full Bibliography

  • Jánosi, Peter. "Review of Georg Steindorff and Uvo Holscher, Die Mastabas westlich der Cheopspyramide, Munchner Agyptologische Untersuchungen 21 (Frankfort am Mainz, 1991)." Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes 83 (1993), p. 257.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 9. Das Mittelfeld des Westfriedhofs. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 73, Abhandlung 2. Vienna: Rudolph M. Rohrer, 1950, plan 2.

    Lehmann, Katja. Der Serdab in den Privatgräbern des Alten Reiches 1-3. Ph.D. Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg, 2000, Kat. G20.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 111-112, plan 14.

    Steindorff, Georg, and Uvo Hölscher. Die Mastabas westlich der Cheopspyramide 1-2. Edited by Alfred Grimm. Münchner Ägyptologische Untersuchungen 2. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1991, pp. 46-47, pl. 9.

People 2

Ancient People

  • Djasha (D 39+40)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of D 40. Chapel entrance drum lintel inscribed for Djasha (?, no record of inscription available to confirm content). Three seated statues (Leipzig 2561, Cairo JE 37820, Cairo JE 37825) inscribed for Djasha, identified as [wab nswt Hm-nTr mwt nswt] royal wab-priest, priest of the king's mother (on Leipzig 2561); found in D 40 serdab.

Modern People

  • Georg Steindorff

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1861–1951
    • Remarks Egyptologist and Copticist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1861-1951) German Egyptologist and Copticist; he was born in Dessau, 12 Nov. 1861, son of Ludwig S. and Helen S.; he was educated at the Universities of Berlin and Gottingen, and was Erman's (q.v.) first student; Ph.D. Gott., 1884; afterwards appointed assistant in Berlin Museum, 1885-93; Professor of Egyptology at Leipzig, 1893 until 1938, where he founded the Egyptian Institute and filled it with objects from his excavations in Egypt and Nubia; Steindorff made a special study of Coptic and was with Crum (q.v.) the leading authority in the world during his lifetime; he was also interested in art and published books and articles on this subject as well as on Egyptian religion; he explored the Libyan Desert, 1899-1900; excavated at Giza, 1909-1 1, and in Nubia, 1912- 14 and 1930-1; he edited the ZAS for 40 years and contributed many articles to it; his studies in Coptic were of the utmost importance and his Coptic Grammar still remains a standard work of reference and perhaps the most popular ever written in this field; in philology as a whole he was in the first rank and established the rules which are gener- ally accepted for the vocalization of Egyptian; in 1939 he was forced to emigrate to America when the Nazis were in power in Germany, and started another career there at the age of nearly eighty; he continued his studies in the museums of New York, Boston, and Baltimore and the Oriental Institute of Chicago; Hon. MemberofAmerican Oriental Soc.; at Baltimore he compiled a 12-vol. MSS Catalogue of Egyptian antiquities in the Walters Art Gallery, which formed the basis for a later pub. work; both his 70th and 80th birthdays were the subject of tributes, see below; his published works are very numerous and his bibl. lists about 250 books, articles, and reviews, the first of which appeared in 1883, the last in the year of his death nearly 70 years later; Sassanidische Siegelsteine, with P. Horn, 1891; Koptische Grammatik mit Chrestomathie, Worterverzeichnis und Literatur, 1894, rev. ed. 1904; Grabfunde des Mittleren Reiches in den Koniglichen Museen zu Berlin. I. Das Grab des Mentuhotep, 1896; Die Apokalypse des Elias, eine unbekannte Apokalypse und Bruchstücke der Sophonias-Apokalypse. Koptische Text, Ubersetzung, Glossar, 1899; Die Blütezeit des Pharaonenreiches, 1900, rev. ed. 1926; Grabfunde des Mitt, Reiches in den Koniglichen Mus, zu Berlin, II. Der Sarg des Sebk-o. Ein Grabfund aus Gebelên, 1901; Durch die Libysche Wüste zur Amonoase, 1904; The Religion of the Ancient Egyptians, 1905; Koptische Rechtsurkunden des Achten Jahrhunderts aus Djëme, Theben, with W. E. Crum, 1912; Das Grab des Ti. Veroffentlichungen der Ernst von Sieglin Expedition in Agypten, vol. 2, 1913; Aegyten in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, 1915; Kurzer Abriss der Koptischen Grammatik mit Lesestücken und W?rterveyzeichnis, 1921;Die Kunst derAegypter. Bauten,Plaslik, Kunstgewerbe, 1928; Aniba, 1. Band with R. Heidenreich, F. Kretschmar, A. Langsdorff, and W. Wolf, 11. Band with M. Marcks, H. Schleif, and W. Wolf, 1935-7; Die Thebanische Graberwelt, with W. Wolf, 1936; When Egypt Ruled the East, with K. C. Seele, 1942; Egypt, text of Hoyningen-Huene, 1943; Catalogue of the Egyptian Sculpture in the Walters Art Gallery, 1946; Lehrbuch der Koptischen Grammatik, 1951; while in America he also wrote a Coptic-Egyptian Etymological Dictionary; The Origin of the Coptic Language and Literature: Prolegomena to the Coptic Grammar; The Proverbs of Solomon in Akhmimic Coptic according to a Papyrus in the State Library in Berlin, with a Coptic-Greek Glossary compiled by Carl Schmidt, he also edited many editions of Baedeker's Egypt, making it a standard work for all travellers and the best general guide available; he died in Hollywood, California, 28 Aug. 1951. AEB 28, 29; Bulletin Issued by. the Egyptian Educ. Bureau, London, n(. 58, Sept. 1951. 25 (anon);Chron. D'Eg.27 (I952), 391;JA0S 61 (1941), 288-9, Eightieth Anniversary. of Prof.Steindorff,J.H Breasted Jnr.;66.(1946), 76-87, The Writings of Georg Steindroff , J.H.Breasted Jnr.; 67 (1947) , 141-2,326-7; JEA 38 (1952), 2; Kürschner Corr .; The Times , 30 Aug. 1951; ZAS67 (1931), 1, Seventieth Birthday Tribute; ZAS79 (1954) , V-VI (portr.)(S.Morenz); E. Blumenthal,Altes ?gypten in Leipzig, 1918, 15-31 .