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Details

  • Tomb Owner
    Wehemka (D 117)
  • Attested
    Ankheres (in D 117)
    Ankhhenutes (in D 117)
    Ankhi (in D 117)
    Ankhi (in D 117)
    Ankhtef (in D 117)
    Bebi (in D 117)
    Djaret (in D 117)
    Djeba (in D 117)
    Djefatka (in D 117)
    Djefatsen (in D 117)
    Djenef (in D 117)
    Henutempet (in D 117)
    Henutsen (in D 117)
    Hetepibes Ipi (in D 117)
    Hui (in D 117)
    Hy (in D 117)
    Inekh (in D 117)
    Isi (in D 117)
    Iti (in D 117)
    Itisen (in D 117)
    Iy (in D 117)
    Iynefer (in D 117)
    Iyni (in D 117)
    Iyni (in D 117)
    Kaaper (in D 117)
    Kaemnefret (in D 117)
    Kaemnefret (in D 117)
    Kahersetef (in D 117)
    Kanebef (in D 117)
    Kanefer (in D 117)
    Khenet (in D 117)
    Khentika (in D 117)
    Khenut (in D 117)
    Khetemmedjat (in D 117)
    Khetemti (in D 117)
    Khnumhetep (in D 117)
    Khnumnefer (in D 117)
    Meretib (in D 117)
    Meretites (in D 117)
    Meretmin (in D 117)
    Mernebef (in D 117)
    Meruidu (in D 117)
    Mery (in D 117)
    Mesi (in D 117)
    Nakhtmaat (in D 117)
    Nedjet (in D 117)
    Neferaf (in D 117)
    Neferen (in D 117)
    Neferhernemti (in D 117)
    Neferkhuu (in D 117)
    Neferqed (in D 117)
    Nefertjes (in D 117)
    Nefrethanisut (in D 117)
    Nefretka (in D 117)
    Nesi (in D 117)
    Ninekishet (in D 117)
    Nineksu (in D 117)
    Nisuwesret (in D 117)
    Pepi (in D 117)
    Perhernefret (in D 117)
    Perneb (in D 117)
    Persenet (in D 117)
    Pesesh (in D 117)
    Rahetep (in D 117)
    Saset (in D 117)
    Satju (in D 117)
    Satmeret (in D 117)
    Seneb (in D 117)
    Senmerer (in D 117)
    Seti (in D 117)
    Shedus (in D 117)
    Tjentet (in D 117)
    Tjenti (in D 117)
    Tjenti (in D 117)
    Tjenti (in D 117)
    Wahher (in D 117)
    Watet (in D 117)
    Wehemka (in D 117)
  • Excavator
    Georg Steindorff, German, 1861–1951
  • PorterMoss Date
    Early Dynasty 5
  • Harpur Date
    Userkaf - Neferirkare
  • Kayser Date
    Early Dynasty 5
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    D 117,1; D 117,2; D 117,3; D 117,4; D 117,5; D 117,6; D 117,Chapel; 2 unlabeled shafts
  • Remarks
    Mastaba is north of G 4460, east of D 116, and west of D 118.

Finds 3

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 7

Full Bibliography

  • García, Juan Carlos Moreno. "A New Old Kingdom Inscription from Giza (CGC 57163), and the Problem of sn-Dt in Pharaonic Third Millennium Society." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 93 (2007), p. 122.

    Junker, Hermann. The Offering Room of Prince Kaninisut. Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum, 1931, p. 16.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 3. Die Mastabas der vorgeschrittenen V. Dynastie auf dem Westfriedhof. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften. Vienna & Leipzig: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1938, pp. 37-38 [22].

    Kayser, Hans. Die Mastaba des Uhemka: Ein Grab in der Wüste. Hannover: Fackeltrager-Verlag Schmidt-Kunster GmbH., 1964, passim, unnumbered figs. (pp. 24-25, 32-33, 36-37), pls. 2-3, 7, 14-15, 17b, 20-24.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Eight Years at the Giza Archives Project: Past Experiences and Future Plans for the Giza Digital Archive." Egyptian and Egyptological Documents, Archives, and Libraries, An Annual 1 (Milan, 2009), p. 151, note 6. 

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Unfinished Business: The Giza Tablet of Tjenti (JE 72135)." In Mamdouh Eldmaty and Mai Trad, eds. Egyptian Museum Collections Around the World: Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Cairo: Supreme Council of Antiquities, 2002, p. 784, note 21.

    Manuelian, Peter Der. "Excavating the Old Kingdom. The Giza Necropolis and Other Mastaba Fields." In Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999, p. 152, note 8.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, pp. 114-115, plans 11, 14.

    Roeder, Günther. Die Mastaba des Uhemka im Pelizaeus Museum zu Hildesheim. Vienna: Niedersächsisches Bild-archiv Wienhausen, 1927, passim.

    Spaull, C.H.S. "Review of 'Die Mastaba des Uhemka. Ein Grab in der Wüste'." Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 53 (1967), p. 172.

    Spiekermann, Antje. "Steindorff und Mastaba G 2005." In Antje Spiekermann, ed. Zur Zierde gereicht. . . Festschrift Bettina Schmitz zum 60. Geburtstag am 24. Juli 2008, HIldesheimer Ägyptologische Beiträge 50. Hildesheim: Verlag Gebrüder Gerstenberg, p. 243.

    Steindorff, Georg, and Uvo Hoelscher. Die Mastabas westlich der Cheopspyramide, Muenchener Aegyptologische Untersuchungen 2 (Frankfurt am Main, 1991), edited by A. Grimm, pl. 16.

Photos 12

People 80

Ancient People

  • Ankheres (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (top register, panel of relief above north false door, fifth standing figure from left), and north wall (lower of two bottom registers, second figure from left), identified as [wdpw] butler; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Ankhhenutes (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, fifth figure from right, depicted as small girl); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Ankhi (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), north wall (upper of two bottom registers, second figure from left); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Ankhi (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), south wall (lower of two bottom registers [butchering scene], third figure from right), identified as [sSmw] butcher; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Ankhtef (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), south wall (lower of two bottom registers [butchering scene], sixth figure from right), identified as [wdpw] butler, and north wall (upper of two bottom registers, fifth figure from left); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Bebi (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Grandmother of Wehemka (owner of D 117). Appears in chapel relief, north wall, identified as [mjtrt] mitret; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Djaret (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, tenth figure from right); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Djeba (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (registers of relief above chapel entrance, bottom register, first figure on right), identified as [mnjw] herdsman; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Djefatka (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (top register, panel of relief above south false door, first figure on right), identified as [snt Dt rxt nswt] sister of the funerary estate, royal acquaintance, and west wall (between false doors, central panel, top register, figure on left), identified as [mjtrt] mitret; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Djefatsen (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Iti, and mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Wehemka (owner of D 117). Appears in chapel relief, east wall (standing with her husband Iti), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance, and north wall (depicted as small girl standing behind her parents Kaemnefret and Bebi); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Djenef (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (second register, second figure from right, standing); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Henutempet (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, first figure on right), identified as [Hrj-tp sSr] supervisor of linen; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Henutsen (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Wehemka (owner of D 117). Appears in chapel relief, three times on west wall (top register, panel of relief above south false door, third adult figure from right; between false doors, right half, standing behind her parents; north false door, north jamb, bottom register), identified (in all cases) as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Hetepibes Ipi (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Wife of Wehemka (owner of D 117). Hetepibes called Ipi (on drum lintel of north false door). Mentioned on chapel entrance drum lintel. North false door inscribed for Hetepibes, identified as [rxt nswt mjtrt] royal acquaintance, mitret; also appears on south false door inscribed for Wehemka, north jamb (top register); also appears in chapel relief (west, north, south, east walls); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Hui (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (upper of two bottom registers, sixth figure from right); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Hy (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, seventh figure from right), identified as [jr Sn] hairdresser; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Inekh (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), north wall (lower of two bottom registers, sixth figure from left), identified as [aftj] brewer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Isi (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (top register, first figure on right, presenting document to Wehemka), identified as [sS] scribe; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Iti (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Father ([jt=f] his father) of Wehemka (owner of D 117). Appears in chapel relief, east wall, identified as [nxt-xrw pr-mDAt jmj-r pr] strong-of-voice of the library, steward; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Itisen (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), north wall (lower of two bottom registers, fifth figure from left); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Iy (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), south wall (lower of two bottom registers [butchering scene], first figure on right), and east wall (upper of two bottom registers, fourth figure from right), identified (in both cases) as [wdpw] butler; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Iynefer (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (registers of relief above chapel entrance, middle register, first figure on right); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Iyni (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), south wall (carrying haunch of beef before seated figures of Wehemka and Hetepibes), identified as [sSmw] butcher, and north wall (lower of two bottom registers, third figure from left), identified as [wdpw] butler; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117. One of two individuals named Iyni (other appears on east wall); possibly same person.
  • Iyni (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (upper of two bottom registers, second figure from right), identified as [xtmw] sealer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117. One of two individuals named Iyni (other appears on north and south walls); possibly same person.
  • Kaaper (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (third register, figure on right); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Kaemnefret (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Grandfather of Wehemka (owner of D 117). Appears in chapel relief, north wall, identified as [sS pr-mDAt jmj-r pr] scribe of the library, steward; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Kaemnefret (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (between false doors, central panel, middle register, middle figure), identified as [sS] scribe, and south wall (upper of two bottom registers, second figure from right); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Kahersetef (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), south wall (upper of two bottom registers, last figure on left), identified as [sS] scribe; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Kanebef (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), north wall (lower of two bottom registers, fourth figure from left), identified as [sSmw] butcher; may also appear (name not fully preserved) on west wall (top register, panel of relief over north false door, last standing figure on right); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Kanefer (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (top register, second figure from right, kneeling), identified as [sS] scribe; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Khenet (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, second figure from right), identified as [wdpw] butler; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Khentika (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (top register, third figure from right, kneeling), identified as [sS] scribe; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Khenut (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Name appears on displaced block of relief, inscribed [rxt nswt jmAxt xnwt] the royal acquaintance, revered Khenut; found near entrance to D 117.
  • Khetemmedjat (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), south wall (lower of two bottom registers [butchering scene], second figure from right), identified as [qbH Snwt (= qbH nmt)] butcher of the slaughterhouse; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Khetemti (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (top register, panel of relief above north false door, second standing figure from left), and north wall (lower of two bottom registers, second figure from left), identified as [xrp sH] director of the dining hall; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Khnumhetep (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), south wall (upper of two bottom registers, sixth figure from right), identified as [sS pr-mDAt] scribe of the library; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Khnumnefer (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (top register, panel of relief above north false door, third standing figure from left); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Meretib (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Wehemka (owner of D 117). Appears in chapel relief, twice on west wall (top register, panel of relief above south false door, seventh adult figure from right; between false doors, central panel, bottom register, figure on right), identified (in both cases) as [mjtrt] mitret; also appears on south false door, north jamb (bottom register), and on north false door, south jamb (bottom register), identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; also appears on east wall (depicted as young girl holding her mother's hand); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Meretites (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), twice on west wall (panel of relief south of south false door, bottom register; between false doors, central panel, bottom register, figure on left), identified as [mjtrt] mitret; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Meretmin (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (top register, panel of relief above south false door, sixth adult figure from right), identified as [mjtrt] mitret; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Mernebef (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), south wall (lower of two bottom registers [butchering scene], fourth figure from right), identified as [wdpw] butler; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Meruidu (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (upper of two bottom registers, eighth figure from right), identified as [Hrj-tp sSr] supervisor of linen; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Mery (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (upper of two bottom registers, first figure on right), identified as [xtmw] sealer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Mesi (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (top register, panel of relief above north false door, fourth standing figure from left), and north wall (lower of two bottom registers, second figure from left), identified as [wdpw] butler; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Nakhtmaat (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), south wall (lower of two bottom registers [butchering scene], last figure on left), identified as [sSmw] butcher, and north wall (upper of two bottom registers, third figure from left); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Nedjet (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, sixth figure from right), identified as [xtmw] sealer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Neferaf (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), north wall (upper of two bottom registers, first figure on left), identified as [smsw pr] elder of the house; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Neferen (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (upper of two bottom registers, seventh figure from right), identified as [xtmw] sealer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Neferhernemti (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Husband of Nefertjes (daughter of Wehemka, owner of D 117). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (between false doors, left half, standing with his wife), identified as [rx nswt sHD wabw sn Dt] royal acquaintance, inspector of wab-priests, brother of the funerary estate; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Neferkhuu (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, eleventh figure from right); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Neferqed (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (between false doors, central panel, top register, figure on right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Nefertjes (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Wehemka (owner of D 117). Appears in chapel relief, twice on west wall (top register, panel of relief above south false door, second adult figure from right; between false doors, left half with husband Neferhernemti); also appears on north false door, north jamb (top register), idenitifed (in all cases) as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Nefrethanisut (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (between false doors, central panel, middle register, figure on left), identified as [mjtrt] mitret; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Nefretka (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (panel of relief south of south false door, top register), identified as [mjtrt] mitret; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Nesi (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, fourth figure from right), identified as [xtmw] sealer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Ninekishet (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, third figure from right), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Nineksu (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), twice on south wall (censing before seated figures of Wehemka and Hetepibes), identified as [xrp sH] director of the dining hall, (lower of two bottom registers [butchering scene], fifth figure from right), identified as [sSmw] butcher; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Nisuwesret (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears four times in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), twice on west wall (top register, panel of relief above south false door, fifth adult figure from right; between false doors, central panel, middle register, figure on right), identified as [sS] scribe, south wall (upper of two bottom registers, third figure from right), identified as [sS pr-mDAt] scribe of the library, and east wall (third register, middle figure); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Pepi (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (top register, panel of relief above south false door, second figure from right, depicted as young boy), and south wall (upper of two bottom registers, fifth figure from right), identified (in both cases) as [xrp xtmw] director of sealers; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Perhernefret (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (upper of two bottom registers, fifth figure from right), identified as [Smsw] retainer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Perneb (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (between false doors, central panel, top register, middle figure), and north wall (lower of two bottom registers, first figure on left), identified (in both cases) as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Persenet (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, last figure on left), identified as [xtmw] sealer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Pesesh (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (second register, first figure on right, kneeling), identified as [HqA] chief; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Rahetep (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Son of Wehemka (owner of D 117). Appears in chapel relief, twice on west wall (top register, panel of relief above south false door, fourth adult figure from right), identified as [sS pr] scribe of the house, possibly should read [sS pr-mDAt] with last sign missing, and (between false doors, right half, depicted as young boy standing in front of his parents), identified as [sS pr-mDAt] scribe of the library; also appears on south false door, south jamb (bottom register) and north false door, south jamb (top register), identified as [rx nswt] royal acquaintance; also appears on south wall (upper of two bottom registers, fourth figure from right), identified as [sS pr-mDAt], north wall (depicted as young boy standing in front of his parents), identified as [sS pr-mDAt], and east wall (depicted as young boy standing in front of his parents); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117. Possibly same individual as [sS] scribe Rahetep in G 2155.
  • Saset (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (upper of two bottom registers, last figure on left), identified as [aftj] brewer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Satju (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), south wall (upper of two bottom registers, seventh figure from right), identified as [nfr] recruit; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Satmeret (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Daughter of Nefertjes, granddaughter of Wehemka (owner of D 117). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (left half, standing in front of her parents Neferhernemti and Nefertjes), identified as [mjtrt] mitret; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Seneb (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears twice in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), south wall (upper of two bottom registers, first figure on right), identified as [sS pr-mDAt] scribe of the library, and east wall (third register, figure on left); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Senmerer (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (second register, third figure from right, kneeling); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Seti (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, ninth figure from right), identified as [xtmw] sealer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Shedus (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), north wall (upper of two bottom registers, fourth figure from left); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Tjentet (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), west wall (between false doors, central panel, bottom register, middle figure), identified as [mjtrt] mitret; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Tjenti (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (second register, last figure on left, kneeling), identified as [HqA] chief; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Tjenti (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (upper of two bottom registers, third figure from right), identified as [xtmw] sealer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Tjenti (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), east wall (lower of two bottom registers, eighth figure from right), identified as [xtmw] sealer; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Wahher (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), north wall (upper of two bottom registers, last figure on right); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Watet (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Appears in chapel relief in tomb of Wehemka (owner of D 117), north wall (upper of two bottom registers, sixth figure from left); chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.
  • Wehemka (D 117)

    • Type Tomb Owner
    • Remarks Owner of D 117. Chapel entrance lintel and drum lintel and south false door inscribed for Wehemka; also appears in chapel relief (west, north, south, east walls); identified variously as [rx nswt sS pr-mDAt sS nfrw jmj-r pr] royal acquaintance, scribe of the library, scribe of recruits, steward; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117. Also appears three times in chapel relief of tomb of Kaninisut [I] (owner of G 2155), twice on west wall (panel of relief south of south false door, top register; between false doors, top register of scribes, first figure on right), and north wall (top register, first figure on left), identified as [sS pr-mDAt] scribe of the library (on panel of relief south of south false door) and [jmj-r pr] steward (on north and west walls); chapel (KHM Vienna ÄS 8006) found in situ in G 2155.
  • Wehemka (in D 117)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Possible son of Wehemka (owner of D 117). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (top register, panel of relief above south false door, last figure on left), identified as [sS] scribe; chapel (Hildesheim 2970) found in situ in D 117.

Modern People

  • Georg Steindorff

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1861–1951
    • Remarks Egyptologist and Copticist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1861-1951) German Egyptologist and Copticist; he was born in Dessau, 12 Nov. 1861, son of Ludwig S. and Helen S.; he was educated at the Universities of Berlin and Gottingen, and was Erman's (q.v.) first student; Ph.D. Gott., 1884; afterwards appointed assistant in Berlin Museum, 1885-93; Professor of Egyptology at Leipzig, 1893 until 1938, where he founded the Egyptian Institute and filled it with objects from his excavations in Egypt and Nubia; Steindorff made a special study of Coptic and was with Crum (q.v.) the leading authority in the world during his lifetime; he was also interested in art and published books and articles on this subject as well as on Egyptian religion; he explored the Libyan Desert, 1899-1900; excavated at Giza, 1909-1 1, and in Nubia, 1912- 14 and 1930-1; he edited the ZAS for 40 years and contributed many articles to it; his studies in Coptic were of the utmost importance and his Coptic Grammar still remains a standard work of reference and perhaps the most popular ever written in this field; in philology as a whole he was in the first rank and established the rules which are gener- ally accepted for the vocalization of Egyptian; in 1939 he was forced to emigrate to America when the Nazis were in power in Germany, and started another career there at the age of nearly eighty; he continued his studies in the museums of New York, Boston, and Baltimore and the Oriental Institute of Chicago; Hon. MemberofAmerican Oriental Soc.; at Baltimore he compiled a 12-vol. MSS Catalogue of Egyptian antiquities in the Walters Art Gallery, which formed the basis for a later pub. work; both his 70th and 80th birthdays were the subject of tributes, see below; his published works are very numerous and his bibl. lists about 250 books, articles, and reviews, the first of which appeared in 1883, the last in the year of his death nearly 70 years later; Sassanidische Siegelsteine, with P. Horn, 1891; Koptische Grammatik mit Chrestomathie, Worterverzeichnis und Literatur, 1894, rev. ed. 1904; Grabfunde des Mittleren Reiches in den Koniglichen Museen zu Berlin. I. Das Grab des Mentuhotep, 1896; Die Apokalypse des Elias, eine unbekannte Apokalypse und Bruchstücke der Sophonias-Apokalypse. Koptische Text, Ubersetzung, Glossar, 1899; Die Blütezeit des Pharaonenreiches, 1900, rev. ed. 1926; Grabfunde des Mitt, Reiches in den Koniglichen Mus, zu Berlin, II. Der Sarg des Sebk-o. Ein Grabfund aus Gebelên, 1901; Durch die Libysche Wüste zur Amonoase, 1904; The Religion of the Ancient Egyptians, 1905; Koptische Rechtsurkunden des Achten Jahrhunderts aus Djëme, Theben, with W. E. Crum, 1912; Das Grab des Ti. Veroffentlichungen der Ernst von Sieglin Expedition in Agypten, vol. 2, 1913; Aegyten in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, 1915; Kurzer Abriss der Koptischen Grammatik mit Lesestücken und W?rterveyzeichnis, 1921;Die Kunst derAegypter. Bauten,Plaslik, Kunstgewerbe, 1928; Aniba, 1. Band with R. Heidenreich, F. Kretschmar, A. Langsdorff, and W. Wolf, 11. Band with M. Marcks, H. Schleif, and W. Wolf, 1935-7; Die Thebanische Graberwelt, with W. Wolf, 1936; When Egypt Ruled the East, with K. C. Seele, 1942; Egypt, text of Hoyningen-Huene, 1943; Catalogue of the Egyptian Sculpture in the Walters Art Gallery, 1946; Lehrbuch der Koptischen Grammatik, 1951; while in America he also wrote a Coptic-Egyptian Etymological Dictionary; The Origin of the Coptic Language and Literature: Prolegomena to the Coptic Grammar; The Proverbs of Solomon in Akhmimic Coptic according to a Papyrus in the State Library in Berlin, with a Coptic-Greek Glossary compiled by Carl Schmidt, he also edited many editions of Baedeker's Egypt, making it a standard work for all travellers and the best general guide available; he died in Hollywood, California, 28 Aug. 1951. AEB 28, 29; Bulletin Issued by. the Egyptian Educ. Bureau, London, n(. 58, Sept. 1951. 25 (anon);Chron. D'Eg.27 (I952), 391;JA0S 61 (1941), 288-9, Eightieth Anniversary. of Prof.Steindorff,J.H Breasted Jnr.;66.(1946), 76-87, The Writings of Georg Steindroff , J.H.Breasted Jnr.; 67 (1947) , 141-2,326-7; JEA 38 (1952), 2; Kürschner Corr .; The Times , 30 Aug. 1951; ZAS67 (1931), 1, Seventieth Birthday Tribute; ZAS79 (1954) , V-VI (portr.)(S.Morenz); E. Blumenthal,Altes ?gypten in Leipzig, 1918, 15-31 .