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Mastaba X, excavated by Hermann Junker, is in the G I-South Cemetery (along the south side of the Khufu Pyramid). This is different from Mastaba X (ABC), which is an anonymous mud-brick mastaba in the central sector of the Abu Bakr Cemetery (ABC).


  • Attested
    Inti (in Mastaba X)
  • Excavator
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
  • Junker No
    M. X
  • Reisner No
    G IX S
  • Reisner No., alternate spelling
    G I S No.9
  • PorterMoss Date
  • Site Type
    Stone-built mastaba
  • Shafts
    Shaft North; Shaft South
  • Remarks
    Mastaba is second last of nine major tombs (as well as two "potential" ones) built in a line along south side of Khufu Pyramid, off southeast corner of Khufu Pyramid, east of Mastaba IX and north of Lepsius 55. Junker indicates north and south shafts but no chapel. Junker assigned numbers I to XI for this row of mastabas. Mastaba II was not assigned as the space where II would have been was filled with collection of smaller mastabas. Reisner assigned numbers I to X sequentially to the nine major mastabas that were actually built (and Lepsius 52 = Junker's Mastaba V = Reisner's G IV S).

Maps & Plans 2

Published Documents 4

Unpublished Documents 3

Full Bibliography

  • Jánosi, Peter. "Aspects of Mastaba Development: The Position of Shafts and the Identification of Tomb Owners." In Filip Coppens, ed. Abusir and Saqqara in the year 2001. Proceedings of the Symposium (Prague, September 25th-27th, 2001). Archiv Orientální 70, No. 3 (August 2002). Prague: Oriental Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, pp. 343, 349, fig. 5.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 10. Der Friedhof südlich der Cheopspyramide: Westteil. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 74, Abhandlung 1. Vienna: Rudolph M. Rohrer, 1951, fig. 5, plan 2 of 2 after p. 211.

    Junker, Hermann. Gîza 11. Der Friedhof südlich der Cheopspyramide: Ostteil. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Philosophisch-historische Klasse Denkschriften 74, Abhandlung 2. Vienna: Rudolph M. Rohrer, 1953, pp. 74-77, fig. 41-42, pl. 7 [b, d], plan after p. 298.

    Porter, Bertha, and Rosalind L.B. Moss. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings 3: Memphis (Abû Rawâsh to Dahshûr). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1931. 2nd edition. 3: Memphis, Part 1 (Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr), revised and augmented by Jaromír Málek. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1974, p. 222, plan 19.

People 2

Ancient People

  • Inti (in Mastaba X)

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Name appears in intrusive inscription, identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; on block in east face of Mastaba X.

Modern People

  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.