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Details

  • Format
    Article
  • Language
    ENGLISH
  • Series
    Ägypten und Altes Testament
  • Year Published
    1979
  • Number of Pages
    11
  • Citation Text
    Simpson, William Kelly. "Topographical Notes on Giza Mastabas." In Manfred Görg and Edgar Pusch, eds. Festschrift Elmar Edel 12. März 1979. Ägypten und Altes Testament 1. Bamberg, 1979, pp. 489-499.
  • Individual - Ancient
    Ankhmare (G 7837+7843)
    Bauefre (G 7310-7320)
    Djati (G 2337 X)
    Djati (in G 2337 X)
    Hamka (G 5540)
    Horbaef (G 7410-7420)
    Idu (G 7102)
    Kaemtjenenet (G 7411)
    Meresankh II (G 7410-7420)
    Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)
    Nebuankh (in G 5540)
    Neferhathor (in G 7411)
    Nikhasutnisut (G 7911)
    Nimaatre (G 8900)
    Qar (G 7101)
    Renpetnefret (in G 2337 X)
    Senedjemib Inti (G 2370)
    Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378)
    Seshemnefer [II] (G 5080)
    Setju (in G 5080)
  • Individual - Modern
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942
    Hermann Junker, German, 1877–1962
    Selim Hassan (Bey), Egyptian, 1886–1961
  • Editor
    Edgar Pusch
    Manfred Görg
  • Author
    William Kelly Simpson, American

Tombs and Monuments 1

  • G 7411

    • Site Name Eastern Cemetery

Finds 4

People 26

Ancient People

  • Ankhmare (G 7837+7843)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
  • Bauefre (G 7310-7320)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Question if name is correct.
  • Djati (G 2337 X)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2337 X. Son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Teti. False door inscribed for Djati, identified as [sAb xrp sSw sHD sSw] juridicial director of scribes and inspector of scribes; in situ in G 2337 X. Also appears in chapel relief, block of relief south of false door (second register), identified as [jmj-r pr sS n sA Hm(w)-kA] steward, scribe of a phyle of ka-priests, (fourth and fifth [bottom] registers), identified as [jmj-r pr] steward; in situ in G 2337 X. Limestone lintel (25-7-1 = MFA 27.446) inscribed for Djati, identified as [tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt jmj-r sSw n a mrr nb=f snDm-jb n(j) Dt=f sAb sHD sSw smAa wDa mdw n wsxt jmj-r pr sS n sA Hmw-kA] chief justice and vizier, overseer of all royal works, overseer of document scribes, beloved of his lord Senedjemib, he who belongs to his funerary estate, juridicial inspector of scribes, verifier of the judgement of the broad hall, steward, scribe of a phyle of ka-priests; also appears on block of relief (25-7-21 = MFA 27.445), possibly door jamb (bottom register); found in G 2337 X, displaced in front of false door.
  • Djati (in G 2337 X)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f smsw] his eldest son) of Djati (owner of G 2337 X). One of two sons identified as "eldest son" of Djati. Appears on block of relief (25-7-21 = MFA 27.445), possibly door jamb (second register, two men butchering cow, figure on left); found displaced in front of false door.
  • Hamka (G 5540)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5540. False door inscribed for Hamka; also depicted on chapel pillar (name preserved on E face); in situ in G 5540. Fragments of limestone lintel (KHM Vienna ÄS 8532) inscribed for Hamka and his wife Nebuankh; Hamka identified as [sHD xntjw-S pr-aA (Hm-nTr) Hr mDdw Hm-nTr xwfw Hm-nTr bjkwy-nbw Hrj-pr pr-aA Hrj-sStA] inspector of palace attendants of the Great House, priest of the Horus Medjedu (Khufu), priest of Khufu, priest of the Two Horuses of Gold (Khufu), major-domo of the Great House, secretary; findspot unknown, originally from G 5540.
  • Horbaef (G 7410-7420)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Horbaef, husband of Meresankh II, is buried in G 7420.
  • Idu (G 7102)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7102. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (chapel relief, architrave, door jambs, statuary), identified variously as [jmj-r Hwt wrt jmj-r sSw mrt xntj-S mnnfr-ppj Xrj tp nswt] overseer of the great chapel, overseer of scribes of the meret-serfs, palace attendant of (the pyramid-town) Mennefer-Pepi, he who is at the head of the king; in situ in G 7102. Possibly same individual as Idu (in G 7101), son of Qar (owner of G 7101). The relationship between Qar and Idu is difficult to determine; it seems certain that they are father and son, but it is not clear which is which since they each have a son named after the other (i.e. Qar has a son named Idu, Idu has a son named Qar). Qar (G 7101) has a sister named Bendjyt who may be identical to Bendjet, a daughter of Idu (G 7102), in which case Idu would be the father of Qar, but this is not at all certain.
  • Kaemtjenenet (G 7411)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7411. Appears in chapel relief: entrance facade (only lower portions of standing figure and son preserved), S wall (only lower portion of seated figure preserved), and two displaced blocks depicting Kaemtjenenet hunting with throw stick; partially preserved title[... m wjAwj] ... in the two barks; facade and S wall in situ in G 7411.
  • Meresankh II (G 7410-7420)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Meresankh buried in G 7410.
  • Meresankh III (G 7530-7540)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7530-7540.Granddaughter of King Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid, and wife of either Khafre or Menkaure. Her unique underground chapel (labeled G 7530-7540) preserves beautifully carved and painted scenes of the queen and her royal family, as well as servants, artisans, and funerary priests. The scenes also depict the sort of rich burial goods that would have been placed in Meresankh’s tomb: statues and fine furniture; boxes containing food, clothing, and jewelry; even a representation of the black granite sarcophagus that was actually found in situ in her burial chamber. Chapel entrance architrave, jambs, reveals and drum inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts nbwj xt Hr wrt Hst DHwtj smrt Hr mrt=f sAt nswt n Xt=f Hmt nswt mrt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Lords, khet-priestess of Horus, great of praises of Thoth, companion of Horus, his beloved, king's daughter of his body, beloved king's wife; in situ in G 7530-7540. Appears in chapel relief of main room: seated holding lotus (south wall); standing with her mother (east wall), idenitifed as [wrt Hts] great one of the hetes-scepter; on pillars (north wall), idenitifed as [tjst Hr] intimate(?) of Horus; seated at offering table, standing north of false door and on central pillar, and with her mother and son (west wall), idenitifed as [Hm-nTr DHwtj wrt Hts nbtj Hm-nTr bApf Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt jwnt smAwt mrjj nbtj] priestess of Thoth, great one of the hetes-scepter of the Two Ladies, priestess of Bapef, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-Dendera, consort of him who is beloved of the Two Ladies; in situ in G 7530-7540. Also appears on all walls of offering (west) room; in situ in G 7530-7540. Architrave on north wall of north room inscribed for Meresankh; uninscribed statues may also represent Meresankh (along with other female family members); in situ in G 7530-7540. Black granite sarcophagus (Cairo JE 54935) inscribed for Meresankh, idenitifed as [xrp sSmtjw SnDt] director of butchers of the 'Acacia House'; in situ in burial chamber of G 7530-7540. Incomplete limestone statue of Meresankh (MFA 30.1457) and pair statue of Meresankh and Hetepheres II (MFA 30.1456); found displaced in debris of main room. Mother ([mwt=f] his mother) of Nebemakhet (owner of G 8172 = Lepsius 86). Appears in relief of inner chapel (above doorway in eastern wall), identified as [mAAt Hr stX wrt Hts wrt Hst Hmt nswt] seer of Horus and Seth, great one of the hetes-scepter, great of praises, king's wife; in situ in G 8172. Also mentioned in the tomb of her steward Khemetnu (owner of G 5210).
  • Nebuankh (in G 5540)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife ([Hmt=f] his wife) of Hamka (owner of G 5540). Limestone lintel (33-3-22) inscribed for Nebuankh, identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor; found reused as roofing in G 5540 Y. Fragments of limestone lintel (KHM Vienna ÄS 8532) inscribed for Hamka and his wife Nebuankh; Nebuankh identified as [rxt nswt] royal acquaintance; findspot unknown, originally from G 5540.
  • Neferhathor (in G 7411)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Wife of Kaemtjenenet (owner of G 7411). False door inscribed for Neferhathor, identified as [rxt nswt Hm-nTr HwtHr nbt nht Hm-nTr Nt] royal acquaintance, priestess of Hathor Mistress-of-the-Sycamore, priestess of Neith; titles also appear in chapel relief on one of two displaced blocks (name not preserved); false door in situ in G 7411.
  • Nikhasutnisut (G 7911)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7911. Limestone false door (30-12-28) inscribed for Nikhasutnisut, identified as [sS Hm-kA] scribe, ka-priest; found in G 7911. Possibly same individual as Nikhasutnisut, who appears on fragment of false door (?) (26-1-1245), identified as [Hm-kA] ka-priest; provenance unknown, possibly found displaced in Isis Temple, room A.
  • Nimaatre (G 8900)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Co-owner (with Neferesris) of G 8900. Chapel entrance architrave, door jambs and reveals inscribed for Nimaatre, identified as [jmj-r Hst pr-aA xrp tjs bjtj jmj-r sxmx-jb nb nfr m Xnw StAw pr-aA] overseer of singing in the Great House, director of companions(?) of the king of Lower Egypt, overseer of every good entertainment in the secret interior of the Great House; in situ in south chapel of G 8900. Interior chapel architrave and pillars inscribed for Nimaatre, identified as [jmj-r sxmx-jb nb nfr stp-sA Xr(-tp) st nswt smr-pr Hrj-sStA jmj-jb n nb=f ra nb] overseer of every good entertainment, bodyguard of the throne of the king, companion of the house, secretary, he who is in the heart of his lord every day; in situ in south chapel of G 8900. False door and lintel inscribed for Nimaatre, identified as [wab nswt Hm-nTr ra m Sspjbra wab mnswt-njwsrra] royal wab-priest, pnest of Re in the sun-temple of Niuserre, wab-priest of the pyramid of Niuserre; also appears in damaged chapel relief (southern, eastern and western walls); in situ in south chapel of G 8900.
  • Qar (G 7101)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 7101. Appears multiple times in tomb decoration (chapel relief, architrave, door jambs, pillar), identified variously as [jmj-r kAt nbt xntj-S mnnfr-mrjjra Xrj tp nswt sS a nswt xft-Hr mAa] overseer of all works, palace attendant of (the pyramid-town) Mennefer-Meryre (Pepi I), he who is at the head of the king, true royal document scribe in the presence; in situ in G 7102. Possibly same individual as Qar (in G 7102), son of Idu (owner of G 7102). The relationship between Qar and Idu is difficult to determine; it seems certain that they are father and son, but it is not clear which is which since they each have a son named after the other (i.e. Qar has a son named Idu, Idu has a son named Qar). Qar (G 7101) has a sister named Bendjyt who may be identical to Bendjet, a daughter of Idu (G 7102), in which case Idu would be the father of Qar, but this is not at all certain.
  • Renpetnefret (in G 2337 X)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Son ([sA=f smsw n Xt=f] his eldest son of his body) of Djati (owner of G 2337 X). One of two sons identified as "eldest son" of Djati. Appears on block of relief (25-7-21 = MFA 27.445), possibly door jamb (fifth [bottom] register, Renpetnefret facing right offering incense to Djati and unnamed wife facing left); found in G 2337 X, displaced in front of false door.
  • Senedjemib Inti (G 2370)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2370. Senedjemib, [rn=f nfr] his good name Inti. Father of Senedjemib Mehi (owner of G 2378) and Khnumenti (owner of G 2374). Appears in chapel relief (throughout chapel), architectural elements (including portico facade, door jambs and displaced portico architrave) and false door inscribed for Senedjemib Inti, identified as [xrp sSw nbw Xrj-tp nswt jmj-r Snwtj jmj-r pr-aHAw mDH qd nswt m prwj jmj-r prwj-HD jmj-r jswj Xkr nswt jmj-r st nbt nt Xnw jmj-r prw msw nswt jmj-r Xkr nswt jmj-r Hwt-wrt sjsw jmj-r sDmt nbt jrj-pat HAtj-a tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt jmj-r sSw a nswt Hrj-sStA wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt Hrj-Xb smr watj] controller of all scribes, royal chamberlain, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of the armory, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two treasuries, overseer of the two chambers of royal regalia, overseer of every department of the Residence, overseer of the houses of the royal children, overseer of royal regalia, overseer of the six great law-courts, overseer of all that is judged, hereditary prince, count, chief justice and vizier, overseer of all royal works, overseer of royal document scribes, secretary of every royal decree, lector-priest, sole companion; in situ in G 2370. Limestone sarcophagus inscribed for Senedjemib Inti, identified as [HAtj-a mAa jntj tAjtj sAb TAtj snDmjb Xrj-tp nswt jntj] true count Inti, chief justice and vizier Senedjemib, royal chamberlain Inti; in situ in burial chamber of G 2370 B. Possibly same individual as owner of Lepsius 10 (in Khafre Quarry). Similar titles found on entrance lintel of Lepsius 10, inscribed for Senedjemib Inti. Probably same individual whose name appears on fragmentary limestone architrave (35-9-17 = MFA 35.2033) inscribed for Tjetu; found displaced in G 2338 B (possibly originally from G 2343 = G 5511).
  • Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 2378. Senedjemib, [rn=f nfr] his good name Mehi. Son of Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370). Portico architrave inscribed for Senedjemib Mehi, identified as [jrj-pat HAtj-a mAa jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt Hrj-sStA n wDt-mdw nbt nt nswt jmj-jb n nswt m st=f nbt jmAxw xr nswt-bjtj Wnjs] hereditary prince, true count, overseer of all royal works, secretary of every royal decree, he who is in the heart of the king in all his places, revered before the King of Upper and Lower Egypt Unis; offering room false door inscribed for Senedjemib Mehi, identified as [smr watj tAjtj sAb TAtj jmj-r sSw a nswt jmj-r Xkr nswt nb Xrj-tp nswt mDH qd nswt m prwj jmj-r Snwtj jmj-r prwj-aHAw jmj-r wabtj jmj-r prwj nbw jmj-r sSr nswt jmAxw xr Jssj] sole companion, chief justice and vizier, overseer of royal document scribes, overseer of all royal regalia, royal chamberlain, royal architect in the two houses, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of the two armories, overseer of the two wabets, overseer of the two houses of gold, overseer of royal linen, revered before Isesi; also appears in chapel relief (thoughout chapel), identified as [jwn-knmt] iun-kenmut priest; false door and relief in situ in G 2378, portico reconstructed. Also appears in chapel relief (including portico west wall, door jambs, and offering room) in tomb of his father Senedjemib Inti (owner of G 2370), identified as [HAtj-a mAa jmj-r kAt nbt nt nswt] true count, overseer of all royal works; in situ in G 2370.
  • Seshemnefer [II] (G 5080)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Owner of G 5080. Pillars and jambs of court entrance and north and south false doors inscribed for Seshemnefer, identified as [jmj-r sSw a nswt Hrj-sStA n wDt-mdw nb nt nswt jmj-r kAt nb nswt sS Xrt-a nswt sS a nswt n sbAjt nswt Hrj-sStA n Xrt-a nswt jmj-r (pr) aHAw m prwj] overseer of royal document scribes, secretary of every royal decree, overseer of all royal works, scribe of the royal document-case, royal document scribe of the royal instructors, secretary of the royal document-case, overseer of (the house of) weapons in the two houses; also appears in chapel relief (west, south, and east walls); in situ in G 5080. Red granite sarcophagus (33-4-19 = Cairo JE 60541) inscribed for Seshemnefer; found in situ in G 5080 B.
  • Setju (in G 5080)

    • Type Individual - Ancient
    • Remarks Probable son of Seshemnefer [II] (owner of G 5080). Appears in chapel relief, west wall (panel of relief north of north false door, bottom register), identified as [sS] scribe; in situ in G 5080.

Modern People

  • Edgar Pusch

    • Type Editor
    • Nationality & Dates
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Individual - Modern
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Hermann Junker

    • Type Individual - Modern
    • Nationality & Dates German, 1877–1962
    • Remarks Egyptologist, Director of German-Austrian expedition to Giza, 1911–1929. Published 12 volumes of final excavation reports from Giza expedition. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Manfred Görg

    • Type Editor
    • Nationality & Dates
  • Selim Hassan (Bey)

    • Type Individual - Modern
    • Nationality & Dates Egyptian, 1886–1961
    • Remarks Egyptologist; Sub Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1886-1961) Egyptian Egyptologist; born Mit-Nagi, 15 April 1886, he studied at the Higher Teacher's College, Cairo under Kamal (q.v.); in 1912 he became a teacher and in 1921 obtained a post in the Egyptian Museum as assistant keeper; he studied in Paris 1923-7 at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes; he was the first Egyptian to be appointed as a Professor of Egyptology in the Universitv of Cairo, 1928 - 36; he was later made Deputy Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service responsible for the care of all monuments in the Nile valley, 1936-39; Ph.D. Vienna University, 1935; stimulated by the archaeological work of P. E. Newberry (q.v.) and Junker (q.v.)he began an active career in excavations with the clearance of some of the Giza mastabas in 1929; the excavations carried on by him in this necropolis continued until 1939 by which time a great deal of digging had been achieved, published in 10 parts; he also cleared the Sphinx and its temple, for the first time completely digging out the great amphitheatre around it and ensuring that it would not be buried by send again so easily; he wrote a study on this work and on the temple of Amenhotep II here; in addition the so-called Fourth Pyramid or the palace-façade tomb of Queen Khent-kawes of the Fourth Dynasty was investigated and also the funerary town of the priests associated with it; he later worked on the Unas causeway at Saqqara and at the valley temple of this king, discovering some of the mastabas in this area and two great subterranean tombs dated to the Second Dynasty; his final excavations at Giza were carried out on the east and south faces of the Great Pyramid and at the mortuary temple of King Khufu, 1938-9; he also took part in the campaign to save the monments of Nubia, and wrote a report on this subject; he published about 53 books and articles on Egyptological subjects in English, French, and Arabic, Hymnes religieux du Moyen Empire, 1928; Le Poème dit de Pentaour et Le rapport officiel sur la bataiILe de Qadesh , 1929; Excavations at Giza, 10 pts., 1929-60; The Sphinx. Its History in the Light of recent Excavations, 1949; Report on the Monunents of Nubia,1955Excavations at Saqqara 1937-8, 3 vols., 1975; in Arabic Literature of Ancient Egpt, 2 vols.; Ancient Egypt from Prehistoric Times to the Age of Rameses 11, 6 vols.; he died in Giza, 30 Sept. 1961. AfO 20 (1963), 310 (H. Brunner); Archaeology 14, no, 4 (1961, 293; ASAE 58 (1964), 61- 84 (bibl.) (Dia Abou-Ghazi); Orientalia 31 (1962), 271; Goettinger Miszellen 76 (1984), 78-80; Reid, JAOS 105 (1985), 237, 241-44.
  • William Kelly Simpson

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American