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Limestone door jambs, lintel, and threshold, with names of Tutankhamen and Ankhesenamen, usurped by Ramses II; red painted, with original cartouches filled with blue paint.

Tombs and Monuments 1

Photos 3

People 4

Ancient People

  • Ankhesenamen

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks Queen of Tutankhamen
  • Ramesses II

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks King during Dynasty 19 of ancient Egypt’s New Kingdom; ruled nearly 67 years and fathered over 100 children. Ramses fought a number of battles against foreign enemies, such as the Hittites and the Nubians, and built many temples and other monuments throughout Egypt and Nubia. Despite ruling over a thousand years after the pyramids were built and being buried far to the south in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings, there is evidence that Ramses may have done some building, restoring, and/or usurping of earlier monuments at Giza. Prenomen: Usermaatre Setepenre.
  • Tutankhamen

    • Type Attested
    • Remarks King during Dynasty 18 of ancient Egypt’s New Kingdom; came to the throne at age nine and ruled nine years until his untimely death. His spectacular tomb, discovered in 1922 by Egyptologist Howard Carter in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings, contained many rich treasures, which may be seen today in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. Despite ruling over a thousand years after the pyramids were built, Tut and other kings of his dynasty continued to visit and venerate the sacred site of Giza, building small chapels and rest-houses, and setting up inscribed dedications to the Sphinx. Prenomen [nb-xprw-ra] Nebkheperure.

Modern People

  • Émile Baraize

    • Type Excavator
    • Nationality & Dates French, 1874–1952
    • Remarks French engineer working for the Service des Antiquities who excavated around the Sphinx from 1926-1936.