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Diary Transcription:

microfilm: begin page 102

Tuesday, December 22, 1925
Day of rest for men.

Reception Howells', Ziwar Pasha, Samy Pasha and the ministers. Zulficar Pasha. Mr. G. Howland Shaw to dinner.

Wednesday, December 23, 1925
31st day of work.

Mr. C.C. Edgar (with Mr. Dark) came on my application to discuss dumping place for debris from G 7000 south. He agreed to our running out over the ground we have examined and down the gully which runs between the south edge of G 7000 and the flat-topped mound of ancient quarry debris which lies in the fork between the two roads - one to the village and one to the Sphinx.

to the village
flat-topped mound
to Sphinx
railroad line

Afterwards visited Baraize who showed us about - pointed out at the left hind paw (1) the original rock cutting (plastered and painted), (2) the restoration of Thutmose IV (or the time of the granite stela) and (3) the restoration of the Ptolemaic Roman period. Met there L'abbe Drioton and M. Bruyere. Baraize gave each of us a photo of the Sphinx and the work going on.

Work on:
(1) G 6023 C
(2) G 6040 main causeway, east
(3) Street G 7000

Cars emptied:
line III to 8:00 am: 54, 3:30 to noon: 113, 1:00 to 4:30 pm: 110
total: 277
about one-half force 554

microfilm: end page 102


  • Classification
    Documentation-Expedition diary pages
  • Department
    Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Credit Line
    Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition
  • Display Page Dates
    12/22/1925; 12/23/1925
  • Mentioned on page
    Ahmed Ziwar (Pasha)
    Bernard Bruyère, French, 1879–1971
    Campbell Cowan Edgar, British, 1870–1938
    Dr. Morton Howell
    Etienne Marie-Félix Drioton, French, 1889–1961
    G. Howland Shaw
    Mr. Dark
    Mrs. Morton Howell
    Said Zulficar (Pasha)
    Samy (Pasha)
    Émile Baraize, French, 1874–1952
    Thutmose IV
  • Author
    George Andrew Reisner, American, 1867–1942

Tombs and Monuments 4

People 13

Ancient People

  • Thutmose IV

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Remarks King of Dynasty 18. prenomen: [mn-xprw-ra] Menkheperure. Restorations to Sphinx done in time of Thutmose IV. Objects found at Giza: Faience scarab (27-4-1272 = MFA 27.2022) and faience udjat amulet (28-3-58 = MFA 28.1381) with cartouche of Thutmose IV.

Modern People

  • Ahmed Ziwar (Pasha)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks New Egyptian Prime Minister
  • Bernard Bruyère

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates French, 1879–1971
    • Remarks Egyptologist. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Campbell Cowan Edgar

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates British, 1870–1938
    • Remarks Egyptologist and Greek scholar; Acting Director General of the Department of Antiquities. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Dr. Morton Howell

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Visitor; American Minister
  • Etienne Marie-Félix Drioton

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates French, 1889–1961
    • Remarks Chanoine; L'Abbe Drioton; Egyptologist; Inspector General; Director General. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology. (1889-1961) French Egyptologist ; born at Nancy, 21 Nov. 1889, son of Etienne D. and Félicie Maria Moitrier; he was educated at the Ecole Saint-Sigisbert, and in 1905 went on to the Séminaire at Nancy to be trained as a priest; he later became a Canon of the Church; he went to Rome in 1912, becoming a Doctor of Philosophy at the St. Thomas Academy and in 1913 received a Doctorate in Theology at the Gregorian University; at this period he was mainly interested in Hebrew and Bible studies; he became a Lic. in Biblical Sciences of the pontifical Commission; his interest now turned to Oriental studies and in 1918 he gained the Diploma of the Ecole Libre des Langues orientales at the Catholic Institute of Paris, taking Egyptian and Coptic as his subjects; he had been interested in ancient Egypt from the age of eleven and he took Egyptian grammar lessons by correspondence with Bénédite (q.v.); in 1919 he was appointed Professor of Egyptian philology and Coptic language at the Catholic Institute in succession to Virey (q.v.); for his students he now produced a handy Cours de Grammaire égyptienne, a work praised by F. Ll. Griffith (q.v.) in JEA, and the first teaching grammar other than translations of Erman's Aeg. Grammatik that had been written in France for many years; Drioton worked as Assistant Keeper with Boreux (q.v.) at the Louvre from 1926, and from 1925 he undertook the epigraphic survey at the Medamud excavations of the Institut Francais directed by Bisson de la Roque (q.v.), publishing afterwards two volumes of inscriptions; he now showed his interest in the reading of Ptolemaic texts; he also at this period worked on cryptographic writings and published several articles on this subject which were to become classics; in 1936 he was appointed Director of the Egyptian Antiquities Service succeeding Lacau (q.v.), and filled this position for sixteen years; this was also an immensely productive period of his life as he published scores of articles and reviews; he also found time to give courses at the Institute of Egyptology of the University of Cairo and helped to train many young Egyptians in Egyptology ; he was appointed Director, 1952, at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Professor at the Collège de France, 1957; he gained many awards and decorations from different countries including Egypt and Iran, and was an Officer of the Légion d'Honneur; his specialities were religious subjects, Egyptian monotheism, and maxims and morals written on scarabs; "Essai sur la cryptographie privée de la fin de la XVIII dynastie" (1933) and "Recueil de cryptographie monumentale" (1940) were among his most important works in this field, exhibiting notable insight. Ancient Egyptian religious mystery plays also interested him and he showed the existence in ancient Egypt of a profane as well as sacred theatre, whose subjects like those of the Greeks were derived from mythology although not liturgical; painting of the Coptic period also fascinated him, as well as the 'Teaching of Amenemope' and its relationship with the Biblical book of Proverbs; on his return to France Drioton was made a member of the Conseil Artistique for Museums; he had an easy and fluent style which made his books and articles very readable; his bibliography up to 1955 numbered 287 items in all; his mongraphs included Introduction a l'étude des hiéroglyphes, with H. Sottas; with Marcelle Baud he produced two vols. on the Theban tombs, Le Tombeau de Roy, 1928, Le Tombeau de Panehesy, 1932; also Le Drame sacré dans I'antique Egypte, 1929; Une Scène des mystères D'horus, 1929; Ce que l'on sait du théâtre égyptien; Le Théâtre égyptien, 1942; Procédé acrophonique et principe consonantal, 1943-, An explanation of the enigmatical inscriptions on the Serapeum plaques of PtoLemy IV, 1946; L'Egypte, with j. Vandier, 1946; La Religion égyptienne, 1955; Maximes morales sur des scarabées égyptiens, 1957; Sur la sagesse d 'Aménémopé, 1957; Le Livre des proverbes et la sagesse d' Aménémopé, 1959; Egypte pharaonique, 1959; Boiseries coptes de style pharaonique, 1960; he died in Montgeron, 17 Jan. 1961 AFO 20 (1963), 308-9 (portr.)( J. Leclant); L'Ami du clergé, Langres 71 (1961), 295-6 (L. Christiani); BIFAO 61 (1962), 1-6 (portr.) (F. Daumas); BSAC 16 (1961-2), 335-7 (Sami Gabra), 337-42 (P. du Bourguet); BSFE 32 (Dec. 1961), 31-4( J. Sainte Fare Garnot); Bulletin de la Faculté des Lettres de Strasbourg, 40th year, no. 2 (Nov. 1961), 163-7 (portr.)( J. Leclant); Chron. D'Eg. 36 (1961), 175-8 (B. van de Walle) ibid. no 73 (1962), 5-7 (P. Gilbert); CRAIBL 1961, 24-5 (P. Chantraine), 106-7 (C. Schaeffer); La Croix, Paris, 27 Jan. 1961 (P. du Bourguet); Ecclesia, Paris, no. 145 (Apr. 1961), 123-30 (5 iilus.) (M. Colinon); Encielopedia Pomba, Turin, vol. ii (I 962), 353 (F. jesi);.Etudes, Paris, 94th year, vol. 309 (Apr. 1961), 73-84 (P. du Bourguet)); JEA 47 (1961). 4(J.Cerny); journal de Genève, 20jan. 1961, 2 (C. Maystre); Le Monde, Paris, I Feb. 1961 (no. 4988), 8 (G. Wiet); Nauvelles de l'Institut Catholique de Paris, 12, no. 3 (Feb-Mar. 1961), 17-22 (2 illus.) (P. du Bourguet); Rev. Arch. 1961, ii. 83-5 (J. Sainte Fare Garnot); ibid. 1962, i. 97 (Ch. Picard); La Revue du Gaire, vol. xlvi, no. 246 (Feb. 1961), 173-4 (A. Papadopoulo); Rev. d'ég- 13 (I 961), 9-18 (portr.)( J. Vandier); ;ZAS 87 (1962) pp. i-ii (portr.)( J. Vandier); BIFAO 56 (1957), 1-18 (bibl.)( J.Jacquiot); BSFE 116 (1989) 5-7 (J. Vercoutter).
  • G. Howland Shaw

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
  • George Andrew Reisner

    • Type Author
    • Nationality & Dates American, 1867–1942
    • Remarks Egyptologist, archaeologist; Referred to as "the doctor" and "mudir" (Arabic for "director") in the excavation records. Nationality and life dates from Who was Who in Egyptology.
  • Mr. Dark

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
  • Mrs. Morton Howell

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Wife of Dr. Morton Howell.
  • Said Zulficar (Pasha)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
    • Remarks Grand chamberlain
  • Samy (Pasha)

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates
  • Émile Baraize

    • Type Mentioned on page
    • Nationality & Dates French, 1874–1952
    • Remarks French engineer working for the Service des Antiquities who excavated around the Sphinx from 1926-1936.